Ideas, information, viruses: all of them, with their mechanisms, can spread over the complex social tissues described by our interpersonal relations. Classical spreading models can agnostically from the object of which they simulate the diffusion, thus considering spreading of virus, ideas and innovations alike. Indeed, such simplification makes easier to define a standard set of tools that can be applied to heterogeneous contexts; however, it can also lead to biased, partial, simulation outcomes. In this work we discuss the concepts of active and passive diffusion: moving from analysis of a well-known passive model, the Threshold one, we introduce two novel approaches whose aim is to provide active and mixed schemas applicable in the context of innovations/ideas diffusion simulation. Our data-driven analysis shows how, in such context, the adoption of exclusively passive/active models leads to conflicting results, thus highlighting the need of mixed approaches.

Information diffusion in complex networks: The active/passive conundrum

Giannotti, Fosca
2018

Abstract

Ideas, information, viruses: all of them, with their mechanisms, can spread over the complex social tissues described by our interpersonal relations. Classical spreading models can agnostically from the object of which they simulate the diffusion, thus considering spreading of virus, ideas and innovations alike. Indeed, such simplification makes easier to define a standard set of tools that can be applied to heterogeneous contexts; however, it can also lead to biased, partial, simulation outcomes. In this work we discuss the concepts of active and passive diffusion: moving from analysis of a well-known passive model, the Threshold one, we introduce two novel approaches whose aim is to provide active and mixed schemas applicable in the context of innovations/ideas diffusion simulation. Our data-driven analysis shows how, in such context, the adoption of exclusively passive/active models leads to conflicting results, thus highlighting the need of mixed approaches.
Settore INF/01 - Informatica
6th International Conference on Complex Networks and Their Applications, Complex Networks 2017
fra
2017
Complex Networks & Their Applications VI. COMPLEX NETWORKS 2017 2017.
Springer Verlag
9783319721491
Artificial Intelligence
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/114512
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