The large and diverse availability of mobility data enables the development of predictive models capable of recognizing various types of movements. Through a variety of GPS devices, any moving entity, animal, person, or vehicle can generate spatio-temporal trajectories. This data is used to infer migration patterns, manage traffic in large cities, and monitor the spread and impact of diseases, all critical situations that necessitate a thorough understanding of the underlying problem. Researchers, businesses, and governments use mobility data to make decisions that affect people’s lives in many ways, employing accurate but opaque deep learning models that are difficult to interpret from a human standpoint. To address these limitations, we propose Geolet, a human-interpretable machine-learning model for trajectory classification. We use discriminative sub-trajectories extracted from mobility data to turn trajectories into a simplified representation that can be used as input by any machine learning classifier. We test our approach against state-of-the-art competitors on real-world datasets. Geolet outperforms black-box models in terms of accuracy while being orders of magnitude faster than its interpretable competitors.

Geolet: An Interpretable Model for Trajectory Classification

Spinnato, Francesco;
2023

Abstract

The large and diverse availability of mobility data enables the development of predictive models capable of recognizing various types of movements. Through a variety of GPS devices, any moving entity, animal, person, or vehicle can generate spatio-temporal trajectories. This data is used to infer migration patterns, manage traffic in large cities, and monitor the spread and impact of diseases, all critical situations that necessitate a thorough understanding of the underlying problem. Researchers, businesses, and governments use mobility data to make decisions that affect people’s lives in many ways, employing accurate but opaque deep learning models that are difficult to interpret from a human standpoint. To address these limitations, we propose Geolet, a human-interpretable machine-learning model for trajectory classification. We use discriminative sub-trajectories extracted from mobility data to turn trajectories into a simplified representation that can be used as input by any machine learning classifier. We test our approach against state-of-the-art competitors on real-world datasets. Geolet outperforms black-box models in terms of accuracy while being orders of magnitude faster than its interpretable competitors.
2023
Settore INF/01 - Informatica
21st International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis, IDA 2022
bel
2023
International Symposium on Intelligent Data Analysis
Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
978-3-031-30046-2
978-3-031-30047-9
Explainable AI; Interpretable Machine Learning; Mobility Data Analysis; Trajectory Classification;
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/137183
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