ABSTRACT Nanomaterials engineered in novel multi-modular systems in which every component works in a synergistic way with others could potentially lead to a completely new type of tools for nanomedicine. The development of nanostructures able to release drugs directly within the target after a stimulus can drastically improve the therapeutics efficiency by reducing side effects. Gold nanoparticles offer one of the most suitable platforms for the development of modular nano-devices. On the one hand, their surface properties enable effective coating by peptides containing at least one cysteine, thus yielding stable and non-cytotoxic systems. On the other, their intriguing photophysics, characterized by the surface plasmon resonance, can be exploited for novel excitation schemes. Doxorubicin is a widely used, but toxic, cancer chemotherapeutic agent. In order to localize its therapeutic action while minimizing its side effects, doxorubicin was covalently conjugated to 30 nm peptide-encapsulated gold nanospheres by click-chemistry and then it was photo-released in a controlled fashion through the cleavage of the 1,2,3-triazolic ring by a multiphoton process using 561 nm irradiation at µW power. Selective apoptosis of human osteosarcoma (U2OS) cells was observed only in the irradiated 100x100 micron area in less than six minutes after the stimulus. Notably, the apoptotic effect of doxorubicin was completely inhibited for at least eight hours until its release “on demand” was externally light-triggered.

Synergistic photo-release of drugs by non-linear excitation

VOLIANI, VALERIO;SIGNORE, GIOVANNI;FARACI, Paolo Mario;LUIN, Stefano;BELTRAM, Fabio
2014

Abstract

ABSTRACT Nanomaterials engineered in novel multi-modular systems in which every component works in a synergistic way with others could potentially lead to a completely new type of tools for nanomedicine. The development of nanostructures able to release drugs directly within the target after a stimulus can drastically improve the therapeutics efficiency by reducing side effects. Gold nanoparticles offer one of the most suitable platforms for the development of modular nano-devices. On the one hand, their surface properties enable effective coating by peptides containing at least one cysteine, thus yielding stable and non-cytotoxic systems. On the other, their intriguing photophysics, characterized by the surface plasmon resonance, can be exploited for novel excitation schemes. Doxorubicin is a widely used, but toxic, cancer chemotherapeutic agent. In order to localize its therapeutic action while minimizing its side effects, doxorubicin was covalently conjugated to 30 nm peptide-encapsulated gold nanospheres by click-chemistry and then it was photo-released in a controlled fashion through the cleavage of the 1,2,3-triazolic ring by a multiphoton process using 561 nm irradiation at µW power. Selective apoptosis of human osteosarcoma (U2OS) cells was observed only in the irradiated 100x100 micron area in less than six minutes after the stimulus. Notably, the apoptotic effect of doxorubicin was completely inhibited for at least eight hours until its release “on demand” was externally light-triggered.
2014 MRS Spring Meeting
Symposium Y – Biomaterials for Biomolecule Delivery and Understanding Cell-Niche Interactions
http://journals.cambridge.org/article_S1946427414005181
http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/opl.2014.518
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/59045
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