This thesis develops a mathematical framework for the analysis of continuous- time trading strategies which, in contrast to the classical setting of continuous-time finance, does not rely on stochastic integrals or other probabilistic notions. Using the recently developed `non-anticipative functional calculus', we first develop a pathwise definition of the gain process for a large class of continuous-time trading strategies which include the important class of delta-hedging strategies, as well as a pathwise definition of the self-financing condition. Using these concepts, we propose a framework for analyzing the performance and robustness of delta-hedging strategies for path-dependent derivatives across a given set of scenarios. Our setting allows for general path-dependent payoffs and does not require any probabilistic assumption on the dynamics of the underlying asset, thereby extending previous results on robustness of hedging strategies in the setting of diffusion models. We obtain a pathwise formula for the hedging error for a general path-dependent derivative and provide sufficient conditions ensuring the robustness of the delta hedge. We show in particular that robust hedges may be obtained in a large class of continuous exponential martingale models under a vertical convexity condition on the payoffs functional. Under the same conditions, we show that discontinuities in the underlying asset always deteriorate the hedging performance. These results are applied to the case of Asian options and barrier options. The last chapter, independent of the rest of the thesis, proposes a novel method, jointly developed with Andrea Pascucci and Stefano Pagliarani, for analytical approximations in local volatility models with Lévy jumps. The main result is an expansion of the characteristic function in a local Lévy model, which is worked out in the Fourier space by considering the adjoint formulation of the pricing problem. Combined with standard Fourier methods, our result provides effcient and accurate pricing formulae. In the case of Gaussian jumps, we also derive an explicit approximation of the transition density of the underlying process by a heat kernel expansion; the approximation is obtained in two ways: using PIDE techniques and working in the Fourier space. Numerical tests confirm the effectiveness of the method.
Pathwise functional calculus and applications to continuous-time finance / Riga, Candia. - (2015 Jun 26).
|Titolo:||Pathwise functional calculus and applications to continuous-time finance|
|Altri titoli:||Calcolo funzionale non-anticipativo e applicazioni in finanza matematica|
|Relatore/i esterno/i:||Biagini, Laura|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015-06-26|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||SECS-S/06 METODI MATEMATICI DELL'ECONOMIA E DELLE SCIENZE ATTUARIALI E FINANZIARIE|
|Parole chiave (inglese):||continuous exponential martingale models|
mathematics. Lévy model
non-anticipative functional calculus
|Editore:||Scuola Normale Superiore|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||9.1 Tesi di Dottorato|