Gaussian input states have long been conjectured to minimize the output von Neumann entropy of quantum Gaussian channels for ﬁxed input entropy. We prove the quantum Entropy Power Inequality, that provides an extremely tight lower bound to this minimum output entropy, but is not saturated by Gaussian states, hence it is not suﬃcient to prove their optimality. Passive states are diagonal in the energy eigenbasis and their eigenvalues decrease as the energy increases. We prove that for any one-mode Gaussian channel, the output generated by a passive state majorizes the output generated by any state with the same spectrum, hence it has a lower entropy. Then, the minimizers of the output entropy of a Gaussian channel for ﬁxed input entropy are passive states. We exploit this result to prove that Gaussian states minimize the output entropy of the one-mode attenuator for ﬁxed input entropy. This result opens the way to the multimode generalization, that permits to determine both the classical capacity region of the Gaussian quantum degraded broadcast channel and the triple trade-oﬀ region of the quantum attenuator. Still in the context of Gaussian quantum information, we determine the classical information capacity of a quantum Gaussian channel with memory eﬀects. Moreover, we prove that any one-mode linear trace-preserving not necessarily positive map preserving the set of Gaussian states is a quantum Gaussian channel composed with the phase-space dilatation. These maps are tests for certifying that a given quantum state does not belong to the convex hull of Gaussian states. Our result proves that phase-space dilatations are the only test of this kind. In the context of quantum statistical mechanics, we prove that requiring thermalization of a quantum system in contact with a heat bath for any initial uncorrelated state with a well-deﬁned temperature implies the Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis for the system-bath Hamiltonian. Then, the ETH constitutes the unique criterion to decide whether a given system-bath dynamics always leads to thermalization. In the context of relativistic quantum information, we prove that any measurement able to distinguish a coherent superposition of two wavepackets of a massive or charged particle from the corresponding incoherent statistical mixture must require a minimum time. This bound provides an indirect evidence for the existence of quantum gravitational radiation and for the necessity of quantizing gravity.
Gaussian optimizers and other topics in quantum information / De Palma, Giacomo. - (2016 Sep 12).
|Titolo:||Gaussian optimizers and other topics in quantum information|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016-09-12|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||FIS/03 FISICA DELLA MATERIA|
Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli e Metodi Matematici
Settore MAT/07 - Fisica Matematica
|Parole chiave (inglese):||Quantum Information Theory|
|Editore:||Scuola Normale Superiore|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||9.1 Tesi di Dottorato|