Graphene displays properties that make it appealing for neuroregenerative medicine, yet the potential of large-scale highly-crystalline graphene as a conductive peripheral neural interface has been scarcely investigated. In particular, pristine graphene offers enhanced electrical properties that can be advantageous for nervous system regeneration applications. In this work, we investigate graphene potential as peripheral nerve interface. First, we perform an unprecedented analysis aimed at revealing how the typical polymeric coatings for neural cultures distribute on graphene at the nanometric scale. Second, we examine the impact of graphene on the culture of two established cellular models for peripheral nervous system: PC12 cell line and primary embryonic rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, showing a better and faster axonal elongation using graphene. We then observe that the axon elongation in the first days of culture correlates to an altered nerve growth factor (NGF) axonal transport, with a reduced number of retrogradely moving NGF vesicles in favor of stalled vesicles. We thus hypothesize that the axon elongation observed in the first days of culture could be mediated by this pool of NGF vesicles locally retained in the medial/distal parts of axons. Furthermore, we investigate electrophysiological properties and cytoskeletal structure of peripheral neurons. We observe a reduced neural excitability and altered membrane potential together with a reduced inter-microtubular distance on graphene and correlate these electrophysiological and structural reorganizations of axon physiology to the observed vesicle stalling. Finally, the potential of another 2D material as neural interface, tungsten disulfide, is explored.
Interfacing graphene with peripheral neurons: influence of neurite outgrowth and NGF axonal transport / Convertino, Domenica. - (2020 Mar 17).
|Titolo:||Interfacing graphene with peripheral neurons: influence of neurite outgrowth and NGF axonal transport|
|Relatore/i esterno/i:||Marchetti, Laura|
|Supervisore interno:||LUIN, Stefano|
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-mar-2020|
|Corso PhD:||Scienze biofisiche|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)|
|Parole chiave (inglese):||Biophysics; graphene - properties - neuroregenerative medicine; neural interface; pristine graphene; nervous system regeneration; peripheral nervous system|
|Editore:||Scuola Normale Superiore|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||9.1 Tesi PhD|