This study is aimed at demonstrating the role played by a calpastatin isoform (Xcalp3) in Xenopus embryos. A specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) was raised against a glutathione S-transferase (GST)-Xcalp3 fusion protein and characterized by immunoblotting and confocal fluorescence microscopy on stage 20-36 embryos. Under these conditions, calpastatin reactivity is associated with a major 110kDa protein fraction and preferentially expressed by notochord and somitic cells. In notochord cells, anti-calpastatin reactive sites were initially restricted to the luminal space of the vacuoles and later became diffused throughout the cytoplasm. In contrast, anti-calpastatin reactive sites in somitic cells were initially diffused throughout the cytoplasm and became restricted to a few intracellular granules in the later developmental stages. At the ultrastructural level, notochord cells appeared as flattened discs containing several vacuoles and numerous electron-dense granules. During transition from stages 26 to 32, electron-dense granules were gradually reduced in number as vacuoles enlarged in size and losed their calpastatin reactivity. Electron-dense granules were also present in myoblast cells and their number gradually reduced during development. To determine whether these observations bear any causal relationship to the calpain/calpastatin system, a number of Xenopus embryos were examined both ultrastructurally and histochemically following exposure to a specific calpain inhibitor (CI3). Under these conditions, Xenopus embryos exhibited an altered right-left symmetry and an abnormal axial shortening. In CI3-treated stage 32 embryos, notochord cells had a reduced vacuolar extension and exhibited at the same time an increase in granular content. The overall morphology of the somites was also distorted and myoblasts were altered both in shape and granular content. Based on these findings, it is concluded that the calpain/calpastatin may play an important role in the control of notochord elongation and somite differentiation during Xenopus embryogenesis.
|Titolo:||Differential tissue expression of a calpastatin isoform in Xenopus embryos|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micron.2006.04.009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|