The determination of accurate equilibrium molecular structures plays a fundamental role for understanding many physical-chemical properties of molecules, ranging from the precise evaluation of the electronic structure to the analysis of the role played by dynamical and environmental effects in tuning their overall behavior. For small semi-rigid systems in the gas phase, state-of-the-art quantum chemical computations rival the most sophisticated experimental (from, for example, high-resolution spectroscopy) results. For larger molecules, more effective computational approaches must be devised. To this end, we have further enlarged the compilation of available semi-experimental (SE) equilibrium structures, now covering the most important fragments containing H, B, C, N, O, F, P, S, and Cl atoms collected in the new SE100 database. Next, comparison with geometries optimized by methods rooted in the density functional theory showed that the already remarkable results delivered by PW6B95 and, especially, rev-DSDPBEP86 functionals can be further improved by a linear regression (LR) approach. Use of template fragments (taken from the SE100 library) together with LR estimates for the missing interfragment parameters paves the route toward accurate structures of large molecules, as witnessed by the very small deviations between computed and experimental rotational constants. The whole approach has been implemented in a user-friendly tool, termed nano-LEGO, and applied to a number of demanding case studies.

Accurate Biomolecular Structures by the Nano-LEGO Approach: Pick the Bricks and Build Your Geometry

Ceselin G.;Barone V.;Tasinato N.
2021

Abstract

The determination of accurate equilibrium molecular structures plays a fundamental role for understanding many physical-chemical properties of molecules, ranging from the precise evaluation of the electronic structure to the analysis of the role played by dynamical and environmental effects in tuning their overall behavior. For small semi-rigid systems in the gas phase, state-of-the-art quantum chemical computations rival the most sophisticated experimental (from, for example, high-resolution spectroscopy) results. For larger molecules, more effective computational approaches must be devised. To this end, we have further enlarged the compilation of available semi-experimental (SE) equilibrium structures, now covering the most important fragments containing H, B, C, N, O, F, P, S, and Cl atoms collected in the new SE100 database. Next, comparison with geometries optimized by methods rooted in the density functional theory showed that the already remarkable results delivered by PW6B95 and, especially, rev-DSDPBEP86 functionals can be further improved by a linear regression (LR) approach. Use of template fragments (taken from the SE100 library) together with LR estimates for the missing interfragment parameters paves the route toward accurate structures of large molecules, as witnessed by the very small deviations between computed and experimental rotational constants. The whole approach has been implemented in a user-friendly tool, termed nano-LEGO, and applied to a number of demanding case studies.
2021
Settore CHIM/12 - Chimica dell'Ambiente e dei Beni Culturali
Molecular Structure; Spectrum Analysis; Quantum Theory
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/109024
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