Dust is an essential ingredient of galaxies, determining the physical and chemical conditions in the interstellar medium. Several complementary observational evidences indicate that the cosmic dust mass density significantly drops from redshift z = 1 to z = 0. Clearly, and for the first time during cosmic evolution, dust must be destroyed more rapidly than it is formed. By considering the dust production/destruction processes acting in this cosmic time lapse, we find that the drop can be explained if dust is mainly destroyed by astration (49 per cent contribution in the fiducial case) and supernova (SN) shocks within galaxies (42 per cent). Our results further imply that on average each SN destroys only Md,sn = 0.45 M☉ of dust, i.e. 5-10 times less than usually assumed, with a hard upper limit of Md,sn < 3.0 M☉ set by the available metal budget and maximal grain growth. The lower efficiency might be explained by effective shielding of dust against shock processing in pre-SN wind shells.

Late-time cosmic evolution of dust: Solving the puzzle

Ferrara A.
;
2021

Abstract

Dust is an essential ingredient of galaxies, determining the physical and chemical conditions in the interstellar medium. Several complementary observational evidences indicate that the cosmic dust mass density significantly drops from redshift z = 1 to z = 0. Clearly, and for the first time during cosmic evolution, dust must be destroyed more rapidly than it is formed. By considering the dust production/destruction processes acting in this cosmic time lapse, we find that the drop can be explained if dust is mainly destroyed by astration (49 per cent contribution in the fiducial case) and supernova (SN) shocks within galaxies (42 per cent). Our results further imply that on average each SN destroys only Md,sn = 0.45 M☉ of dust, i.e. 5-10 times less than usually assumed, with a hard upper limit of Md,sn < 3.0 M☉ set by the available metal budget and maximal grain growth. The lower efficiency might be explained by effective shielding of dust against shock processing in pre-SN wind shells.
2021
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
Cosmology: observations; Dust; Extinction; Intergalactic medium; ISM: evolution
   Horizon 2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/113628
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