Multiscale methods combining quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) have become the most suitable and effective strategies for the investigation of the spectroscopic properties of medium-to-large size chromophores in condensed phases. In this context, we are developing a novel workflow aimed at improving the generality, reliability, and ease of use of the available computational tools. In this paper, we report our latest developments with specific reference to a general protocol based on atomistic simulations, carried out under nonperiodic boundary conditions (NPBC). In particular, we add to our in house MD engine a new efficient treatment of mean field electrostatic contributions to energy and forces, together with the capability of performing the simulations either in the canonical (NVT) or in the isothermal-isobaric (NPT) ensemble. Next, we provide convincing evidence that the NBPC approach enhanced by specific tweaks for rigid body propagation, allows for the simulation of solute-solvent systems with a minimum number of degrees of freedom and large integration time step. After its validation, this new approach is applied to the challenging case of solvatochromic effects on the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrum of a prototypical nitroxide radical. To this end, we propose and validate also an automated protocol to extract and weight simulation snapshots, making use of a continuous description of the strength of solute-solvent hydrogen bridges. While further developments are being worked on, the effectiveness of our approach, even in its present form, is demonstrated by the accuracy of the results obtained through an unsupervised approach characterized by a strongly reduced computational cost as compared to that of conventional QM/MM models, without any appreciable deterioration of accuracy.

Molecular dynamics simulations enforcing nonperiodic boundary conditions: new developments and application to the solvent shifts of nitroxide magnetic parameters

Mancini, Giordano
;
Lipparini, Filippo;Scalmani, Giovanni;Barone, Vincenzo
2022

Abstract

Multiscale methods combining quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) have become the most suitable and effective strategies for the investigation of the spectroscopic properties of medium-to-large size chromophores in condensed phases. In this context, we are developing a novel workflow aimed at improving the generality, reliability, and ease of use of the available computational tools. In this paper, we report our latest developments with specific reference to a general protocol based on atomistic simulations, carried out under nonperiodic boundary conditions (NPBC). In particular, we add to our in house MD engine a new efficient treatment of mean field electrostatic contributions to energy and forces, together with the capability of performing the simulations either in the canonical (NVT) or in the isothermal-isobaric (NPT) ensemble. Next, we provide convincing evidence that the NBPC approach enhanced by specific tweaks for rigid body propagation, allows for the simulation of solute-solvent systems with a minimum number of degrees of freedom and large integration time step. After its validation, this new approach is applied to the challenging case of solvatochromic effects on the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrum of a prototypical nitroxide radical. To this end, we propose and validate also an automated protocol to extract and weight simulation snapshots, making use of a continuous description of the strength of solute-solvent hydrogen bridges. While further developments are being worked on, the effectiveness of our approach, even in its present form, is demonstrated by the accuracy of the results obtained through an unsupervised approach characterized by a strongly reduced computational cost as compared to that of conventional QM/MM models, without any appreciable deterioration of accuracy.
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
nitrogen oxides; reproducibility of results; solvents; static electricity; molecular dynamics simulation; quantum theory
Fondi MUR
Grant Number 2017A4XRCA
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Mancini et al. - 2022 - Molecular Dynamics Simulations Enforcing Nonperiod.pdf

embargo fino al 08/03/2023

Tipologia: Published version
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 3.85 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.85 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/123704
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact