Is quantum communication possible over an optical fiber with transmissivity less or equal to one half? The answer is well known to be negative if the environment with which the incoming signal interacts is initialized in a thermal state. However, Lami et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 125, 110504 (2020)] found the quantum capacity to be always bounded away from zero for all positive values of the transmissivity, a phenomenon dubbed “die-hard quantum communication” (D-HQCOM), provided that the initial environment state can be chosen appropriately, depending on the transmissivity. Here we show an even stronger version of D-HQCOM in the context of entanglement-assisted classical communication: entanglement assistance and control of the environment enable communication with performance at least equal to that of the ideal case of absence of noise, even if the transmissivity is arbitrarily small (but strictly positive). These two phenomena of D-HQCOM have technological potential provided that we are able to control the environment. How can we achieve this? Our second main result answers this question. Here we provide a fully consistent protocol to activate the phenomena of D-HQCOM without directly accessing the environment state. This is done by sending over the channel “trigger signals,” i.e., signals which do not encode information, prior to the actual communication, with the goal of modifying the environment in an advantageous way. This is possible due to the memory effects which arise when the sender feeds signals separated by a sufficiently short temporal interval. Our results may offer a concrete scheme to communicate across arbitrarily long optical fibers, without using quantum repeaters. As a by-product of our analysis, we derive a simple Kraus representation of the thermal attenuator exploiting the associated Lindblad master equation.

Quantum optical communication in the presence of strong attenuation noise

Francesco Anna Mele;Ludovico Lami
Supervision
;
Vittorio Giovannetti
Supervision
2022

Abstract

Is quantum communication possible over an optical fiber with transmissivity less or equal to one half? The answer is well known to be negative if the environment with which the incoming signal interacts is initialized in a thermal state. However, Lami et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 125, 110504 (2020)] found the quantum capacity to be always bounded away from zero for all positive values of the transmissivity, a phenomenon dubbed “die-hard quantum communication” (D-HQCOM), provided that the initial environment state can be chosen appropriately, depending on the transmissivity. Here we show an even stronger version of D-HQCOM in the context of entanglement-assisted classical communication: entanglement assistance and control of the environment enable communication with performance at least equal to that of the ideal case of absence of noise, even if the transmissivity is arbitrarily small (but strictly positive). These two phenomena of D-HQCOM have technological potential provided that we are able to control the environment. How can we achieve this? Our second main result answers this question. Here we provide a fully consistent protocol to activate the phenomena of D-HQCOM without directly accessing the environment state. This is done by sending over the channel “trigger signals,” i.e., signals which do not encode information, prior to the actual communication, with the goal of modifying the environment in an advantageous way. This is possible due to the memory effects which arise when the sender feeds signals separated by a sufficiently short temporal interval. Our results may offer a concrete scheme to communicate across arbitrarily long optical fibers, without using quantum repeaters. As a by-product of our analysis, we derive a simple Kraus representation of the thermal attenuator exploiting the associated Lindblad master equation.
2022
Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli e Metodi Matematici
Open quantum systems & decoherence; Quantum channels; Quantum communication; Quantum entanglement; Quantum information processing with continuous variables; Quantum information theory; Quantum repeaters
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/127006
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