Coherent transport in Nb/GaAs superconductor-semiconductor microstructures is presented. The structure fabrication procedure is based on δ-doped layers grown by molecular-beam-epitaxy near the GaAs surface, followed by an As cap layer to protect the active semiconductor layers during ex situ transfer. The superconductor is then sputter deposited in situ after thermal desorption of the protective layer. Two types of structures in particular will be discussed, i.e. a reference junction and the engineered one that contains an additional insulating AlGaAs barrier inserted during the growth in the semiconductor. This latter configuration may give rise to controlled interference effects and realizes the model introduced by de Gennes and Saint-James in 1963. While both structures show reflectionless tunneling-dominated transport, only the engineered junction shows additionally a low-temperature single marked resonance peaks superimposed to the characteristic Andreev-dominated subgap conductance. The analysis of coherent magnetotransport in both microstructures is successfully performed within the random matrix theory of Andreev transport and ballistic effects are included by directly solving the Bogoliubov–de Gennes equations. The impact of junction morphology on reflectionless tunneling and the application of the employed fabrication technique to the realization of complex semiconductor-superconductor systems are also discussed.

Coherent transport in Nb/d-doped-GaAs hybrid microstructures

PINGUE, Pasqualantonio;BELTRAM, Fabio
2003

Abstract

Coherent transport in Nb/GaAs superconductor-semiconductor microstructures is presented. The structure fabrication procedure is based on δ-doped layers grown by molecular-beam-epitaxy near the GaAs surface, followed by an As cap layer to protect the active semiconductor layers during ex situ transfer. The superconductor is then sputter deposited in situ after thermal desorption of the protective layer. Two types of structures in particular will be discussed, i.e. a reference junction and the engineered one that contains an additional insulating AlGaAs barrier inserted during the growth in the semiconductor. This latter configuration may give rise to controlled interference effects and realizes the model introduced by de Gennes and Saint-James in 1963. While both structures show reflectionless tunneling-dominated transport, only the engineered junction shows additionally a low-temperature single marked resonance peaks superimposed to the characteristic Andreev-dominated subgap conductance. The analysis of coherent magnetotransport in both microstructures is successfully performed within the random matrix theory of Andreev transport and ballistic effects are included by directly solving the Bogoliubov–de Gennes equations. The impact of junction morphology on reflectionless tunneling and the application of the employed fabrication technique to the realization of complex semiconductor-superconductor systems are also discussed.
superconductivity; semiconductor quantum well; lithography
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/12763
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