Large-scale outflows are believed to be an important mechanism in the evolution of galaxies. We can determine the impact of these outflows by studying either current galaxy outflows and their effect in the galaxy or by studying the effect of past outflows on the gas surrounding the galaxy. In this work, we examine the CO(7-6), [C I] (3P1→ 3P0), H2O 211-202, and dust continuum emission of 15 extremely red quasars at z ∼2.3 using ALMA. By investigating the radial surface brightness profiles of both the individual sources and the stacked emission, we detect extended cold gas and dust emission on scales of ∼14 kpc in CO(7-6), [C I](2-1), and dust continuum. This is the first time that the presence of a large amount of molecular gas was detected on large, circumgalactic medium scales around quasar host galaxies using [C i] extended emission. We estimate the dust and molecular gas mass of these haloes to be 107.6 and 1010.6 M⊙, indicating significant dust and molecular gas reservoirs around these extreme quasars. By estimating the time-scale at which this gas can reach these distances by molecular gas outflows (7-32 Myr), we conclude that these haloes are a relic of past AGN or starburst activity, rather than an effect of the current episode of extreme quasar activity.

Evidence of extended cold molecular gas and dust haloes around z ∼ 2.3 extremely red quasars with ALMA

Carniani, Stefano
2023

Abstract

Large-scale outflows are believed to be an important mechanism in the evolution of galaxies. We can determine the impact of these outflows by studying either current galaxy outflows and their effect in the galaxy or by studying the effect of past outflows on the gas surrounding the galaxy. In this work, we examine the CO(7-6), [C I] (3P1→ 3P0), H2O 211-202, and dust continuum emission of 15 extremely red quasars at z ∼2.3 using ALMA. By investigating the radial surface brightness profiles of both the individual sources and the stacked emission, we detect extended cold gas and dust emission on scales of ∼14 kpc in CO(7-6), [C I](2-1), and dust continuum. This is the first time that the presence of a large amount of molecular gas was detected on large, circumgalactic medium scales around quasar host galaxies using [C i] extended emission. We estimate the dust and molecular gas mass of these haloes to be 107.6 and 1010.6 M⊙, indicating significant dust and molecular gas reservoirs around these extreme quasars. By estimating the time-scale at which this gas can reach these distances by molecular gas outflows (7-32 Myr), we conclude that these haloes are a relic of past AGN or starburst activity, rather than an effect of the current episode of extreme quasar activity.
2023
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
galaxies: evolution; galaxies: haloes; galaxies: high-redshift; galaxies: ISM
   Winds in galaxies
   WINGS
   European Commission
   HE ERC
   101040227
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/131024
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