We present Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) [C II] and ~158 $\rm \mu m$ continuum observations of REBELS-25, a massive, morphologically complex ultra-luminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG; LIR = $1.5^{+0.8}_{-0.5} \times 10^{12}$ L⊙) at z = 7.31, spectroscopically confirmed by the Reionization Era Bright Emission Line Survey (REBELS) ALMA Large Programme. REBELS-25 has a significant stellar mass of $M_{*} = \mbox{$ 8^{+4}_{-2} \times 10^{9} $}{} ~\mbox{M$_\odot $}{}$. From dust-continuum and ultraviolet observations, we determine a total obscured + unobscured star formation rate of SFR $= \mbox{$199^{+101}_{-63}$}{} ~ \mbox{M$_\odot $}~ \mbox{${\rm yr}$}^{-1}$. This is about four times the SFR estimated from an extrapolated main sequence. We also infer a [C II]-based molecular gas mass of $M_{{\rm H}_{2}} = \mbox{$5.1^{+5.1}_{-2.6} \times 10^{10}$}{} ~\mbox{M$_\odot $}{}$, implying a molecular gas depletion time of $t_{\rm depl, {\rm H}_{2}} = \mbox{$0.3^{+0.3}_{-0.2} $}{}$ Gyr. We observe a [C II] velocity gradient consistent with disc rotation, but given the current resolution we cannot rule out a more complex velocity structure such as a merger. The spectrum exhibits excess [C II] emission at large positive velocities (~500 km s-1), which we interpret as either a merging companion or an outflow. In the outflow scenario, we derive a lower limit of the mass outflow rate of 200 $\mbox{M$_\odot $}~ \mbox{${\rm yr}$}^{-1}$, which is consistent with expectations for a star-formation-driven outflow. Given its large stellar mass, SFR, and molecular gas reservoir ~700 Myr after the big bang, we explore the future evolution of REBELS-25. Considering a simple, conservative model assuming an exponentially declining star formation history, constant star formation efficiency, and no additional gas inflow, we find that REBELS-25 has the potential to evolve into a galaxy consistent with the properties of high-mass quiescent galaxies recently observed at z ~ 4....

The ALMA REBELS Survey : discovery of a massive, highly star-forming, and morphologically complex ULIRG at z = 7.31

Ferrara, Andrea;Pallottini, Andrea;
2023

Abstract

We present Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) [C II] and ~158 $\rm \mu m$ continuum observations of REBELS-25, a massive, morphologically complex ultra-luminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG; LIR = $1.5^{+0.8}_{-0.5} \times 10^{12}$ L⊙) at z = 7.31, spectroscopically confirmed by the Reionization Era Bright Emission Line Survey (REBELS) ALMA Large Programme. REBELS-25 has a significant stellar mass of $M_{*} = \mbox{$ 8^{+4}_{-2} \times 10^{9} $}{} ~\mbox{M$_\odot $}{}$. From dust-continuum and ultraviolet observations, we determine a total obscured + unobscured star formation rate of SFR $= \mbox{$199^{+101}_{-63}$}{} ~ \mbox{M$_\odot $}~ \mbox{${\rm yr}$}^{-1}$. This is about four times the SFR estimated from an extrapolated main sequence. We also infer a [C II]-based molecular gas mass of $M_{{\rm H}_{2}} = \mbox{$5.1^{+5.1}_{-2.6} \times 10^{10}$}{} ~\mbox{M$_\odot $}{}$, implying a molecular gas depletion time of $t_{\rm depl, {\rm H}_{2}} = \mbox{$0.3^{+0.3}_{-0.2} $}{}$ Gyr. We observe a [C II] velocity gradient consistent with disc rotation, but given the current resolution we cannot rule out a more complex velocity structure such as a merger. The spectrum exhibits excess [C II] emission at large positive velocities (~500 km s-1), which we interpret as either a merging companion or an outflow. In the outflow scenario, we derive a lower limit of the mass outflow rate of 200 $\mbox{M$_\odot $}~ \mbox{${\rm yr}$}^{-1}$, which is consistent with expectations for a star-formation-driven outflow. Given its large stellar mass, SFR, and molecular gas reservoir ~700 Myr after the big bang, we explore the future evolution of REBELS-25. Considering a simple, conservative model assuming an exponentially declining star formation history, constant star formation efficiency, and no additional gas inflow, we find that REBELS-25 has the potential to evolve into a galaxy consistent with the properties of high-mass quiescent galaxies recently observed at z ~ 4....
2023
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
ISM: jets and outflows; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: high-redshift; galaxies: ISM; galaxies: star formation
   The Interstellar Medium of High Redshift Galaxies
   INTERSTELLAR
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   740120

   DELPHI: a framework to study Dark Matter and the emergence of galaxies in the epoch of reionization
   DELPHI
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   717001

   The origin of cosmic dust in galaxies
   DustOrigin
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   851622
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/132062
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