The surprising JWST discovery of a quiescent, low-mass (M⋆ = 108.7M⊙) galaxy at redshift z = 7.3 (JADES-GS-z7-01-QU) represents a unique opportunity to study the imprint of feedback processes on early galaxy evolution. We build a sample of 130 low-mass (M⋆ ≲ 109.5M⊙) galaxies from the serra cosmological zoom-in simulations, which show a feedback-regulated, bursty star formation history (SFH). The fraction of time spent in an active phase increases with the stellar mass from fduty ≈ 0.6 at M⋆ ≈ 107.5M⊙ to ≈0.99 at M⋆ ≥ 109M⊙, and it is in agreement with the value fduty ≈ 0.75 estimated for JADES-GS-z7-01-QU. On average, 30% of the galaxies are quiescent in the range 6 < z < 8.4; they become the dominant population at M⋆ ≲ 108.3M⊙. However, none of these quiescent systems matches the spectral energy distribution of JADES-GS-z7-01-QU, unless their SFH is artificially truncated a few Myr after the main star formation peak. As supernova feedback can only act on a longer timescale (≳30 Myr), this implies that the observed abrupt quenching must be caused by a faster physical mechanism, such as radiation-driven winds from young massive stars and/or an active galactic nucleus.

Quiescent low-mass galaxies observed by JWST in the epoch of reionization

Ferrara, Andrea;Pallottini, Andrea;Carniani, Stefano
2023

Abstract

The surprising JWST discovery of a quiescent, low-mass (M⋆ = 108.7M⊙) galaxy at redshift z = 7.3 (JADES-GS-z7-01-QU) represents a unique opportunity to study the imprint of feedback processes on early galaxy evolution. We build a sample of 130 low-mass (M⋆ ≲ 109.5M⊙) galaxies from the serra cosmological zoom-in simulations, which show a feedback-regulated, bursty star formation history (SFH). The fraction of time spent in an active phase increases with the stellar mass from fduty ≈ 0.6 at M⋆ ≈ 107.5M⊙ to ≈0.99 at M⋆ ≥ 109M⊙, and it is in agreement with the value fduty ≈ 0.75 estimated for JADES-GS-z7-01-QU. On average, 30% of the galaxies are quiescent in the range 6 < z < 8.4; they become the dominant population at M⋆ ≲ 108.3M⊙. However, none of these quiescent systems matches the spectral energy distribution of JADES-GS-z7-01-QU, unless their SFH is artificially truncated a few Myr after the main star formation peak. As supernova feedback can only act on a longer timescale (≳30 Myr), this implies that the observed abrupt quenching must be caused by a faster physical mechanism, such as radiation-driven winds from young massive stars and/or an active galactic nucleus.
2023
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
   The Interstellar Medium of High Redshift Galaxies
   INTERSTELLAR
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   740120
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/133302
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