It has been proposed that thyroglobulin (Tg) may be involved in the pathogenesis or the progression of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). According to this hypothesis, following its release from the thyroid, Tg would reach orbital tissues, thereby eliciting an autoimmune aggression. In support of this, we recently found that intact Tg is present in orbital tissues of patients with GO, where it is complexed with glycosaminoglycans. In this study, we searched for additional Tg binding sites in orbital tissues, using primary cultures of orbital and skin fibroblasts from 7 GO patients who had undergone orbital decompression. Biotin-labeled Tg bound to both skin and orbital fibroblasts in a saturable manner, with constants of dissociation of approximately 75 nmol/l for skin fibroblasts and approximately 40 nmol/I for orbital fibroblasts. In an attempt to identify Tg binding sites, fibroblast extracts were blotted onto membranes that were incubated with biotin-labeled Tg, which bound especially to a protein migrating at approximately 300 kDa, present in both orbital and skin fibroblast extracts. Because no appreciable inhibition of binding of biotin-labeled Tg was produced by unlabeled Tg, we concluded that binding was poorly specific and it is unlikely to be involved in the pathogenesis of GO.
|Titolo:||Poorly specific binding of thyroglobulin to orbital fibroblasts from patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|