Several interstellar molecules are highly reactive unsaturated carbon chains, which are unstable under terrestrial conditions. Laboratory studies in support of their detection in space thus face the issue of how to produce these species and how to correctly model their rotational energy levels. In this work, we introduce a general approach for producing and investigating unsaturated carbon chains by means of selected test cases. We report a comprehensive theoretical/experimental spectroscopic characterization of three species, namely, propadienone, cyanovinylacetylene, and allenylacetylene, all of them being produced by means of flash vacuum pyrolysis of a suitable precursor. For each species, quantum-chemical calculations have been carried out with the aim of obtaining accurate predictions of the missing spectroscopic information required to guide spectral analysis and assignment. Rotational spectra of the title molecules have been investigated up to 400 GHz by using a frequency-modulation millimeter-/submillimeter-wave spectrometer, thus significantly extending spectral predictions over a wide range of frequency and quantum numbers. A comparison between our results and those available in the literature points out the clear need of the reported laboratory measurements at higher frequencies for setting up accurate line catalogs for astronomical searches.

Rotational Spectra of Unsaturated Carbon Chains Produced by Pyrolysis: The Case of Propadienone, Cyanovinylacetylene, and Allenylacetylene

Melli, Alessio;Melosso, Mattia
;
Bizzocchi, Luca;Alessandrini, Silvia;Tonolo, Francesca;Puzzarini, Cristina
2022

Abstract

Several interstellar molecules are highly reactive unsaturated carbon chains, which are unstable under terrestrial conditions. Laboratory studies in support of their detection in space thus face the issue of how to produce these species and how to correctly model their rotational energy levels. In this work, we introduce a general approach for producing and investigating unsaturated carbon chains by means of selected test cases. We report a comprehensive theoretical/experimental spectroscopic characterization of three species, namely, propadienone, cyanovinylacetylene, and allenylacetylene, all of them being produced by means of flash vacuum pyrolysis of a suitable precursor. For each species, quantum-chemical calculations have been carried out with the aim of obtaining accurate predictions of the missing spectroscopic information required to guide spectral analysis and assignment. Rotational spectra of the title molecules have been investigated up to 400 GHz by using a frequency-modulation millimeter-/submillimeter-wave spectrometer, thus significantly extending spectral predictions over a wide range of frequency and quantum numbers. A comparison between our results and those available in the literature points out the clear need of the reported laboratory measurements at higher frequencies for setting up accurate line catalogs for astronomical searches.
2022
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/134803
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