Melanins are a wide class of natural pigments biosynthesized by different kinds of living organisms throughout all of the life domains, from bacteria to fungi, plants, and mammals. The biological functions played by these natural pigments are different (i.e., camouflage, radioprotection, thermoregulation) and ascribable to a peculiar set of physical-chemical properties making melanins a unique class of biopolymers. Among these, allomelanins from 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene (1,8-DHNmel) produced by some Ascomycetes have recently attracted particular interest for their robustness and ability to protect fungi against both hostile (i.e., attack from fungicidal agents) and extreme (i.e., high energy radiations) environments. Starting from this background, in this mini-review we offer a panorama of the recent advances on the oxidative chemistry of 1,8-DHN leading to the formation of allomelanin mimics with tailored structural and functional properties for technological applications.

Dihydroxynaphthalene-Based Allomelanins: A Source of Inspiration for Innovative Technological Materials

Lino, Valeria;
2022

Abstract

Melanins are a wide class of natural pigments biosynthesized by different kinds of living organisms throughout all of the life domains, from bacteria to fungi, plants, and mammals. The biological functions played by these natural pigments are different (i.e., camouflage, radioprotection, thermoregulation) and ascribable to a peculiar set of physical-chemical properties making melanins a unique class of biopolymers. Among these, allomelanins from 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene (1,8-DHNmel) produced by some Ascomycetes have recently attracted particular interest for their robustness and ability to protect fungi against both hostile (i.e., attack from fungicidal agents) and extreme (i.e., high energy radiations) environments. Starting from this background, in this mini-review we offer a panorama of the recent advances on the oxidative chemistry of 1,8-DHN leading to the formation of allomelanin mimics with tailored structural and functional properties for technological applications.
2022
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
   SAPIENT
   MIUR
   PRIN-2017
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/135825
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