The patchy kinetic Sunyaev–Zel’dovich (kSZ) signal is an integral probe of the timing and morphology of the epoch of reionization (EoR). Recent observations have claimed a low signal-to-noise (S/N) measurement, with a dramatic increase in S/N expected in the near future. In this work, we quantify what we can learn about the EoR from the kSZ signal. We perform Bayesian inference by sampling galaxy properties and using forward-models of the kSZ as well as other EoR and galaxy observations in the likelihood. Including the recent kSZ measurement obtained by the South Pole Telescope (D3000pkSZ = 1.1+−01.71μ K2) shifts the posterior distribution in favour of faster and later reionization models, resulting in lower values of the optical depth to the cosmic microwave background: τe = 0.052+−00.008009 with a 68 per cent confidence interval (CI). The combined EoR and ultraviolet luminosity function observations also imply a typical ionizing escape fraction of 0.04+−00.0305 (95 per cent CI), without a strong dependence on halo mass. We show how the patchy kSZ power from our posterior depends on the midpoint and duration of reionization: a popular parametrization of EoR timing. For a given midpoint and duration, the EoR morphology only has a few per cent impact on the patchy kSZ power in our posterior. However, a physical model is needed to obtain tight constraints from the current low S/N patchy kSZ measurement, as it allows us to take advantage of complimentary high-z observations. Future high S/N detections of the patchy kSZ should decrease the current uncertainties on the timing of the EoR by factors of ∼2–3.

Inferring reionization and galaxy properties from the patchy kinetic Sunyaev–Zel’dovich signal

Nikolic, Ivan
;
Mesinger, Andrei;Qin, Yuxiang;
2023

Abstract

The patchy kinetic Sunyaev–Zel’dovich (kSZ) signal is an integral probe of the timing and morphology of the epoch of reionization (EoR). Recent observations have claimed a low signal-to-noise (S/N) measurement, with a dramatic increase in S/N expected in the near future. In this work, we quantify what we can learn about the EoR from the kSZ signal. We perform Bayesian inference by sampling galaxy properties and using forward-models of the kSZ as well as other EoR and galaxy observations in the likelihood. Including the recent kSZ measurement obtained by the South Pole Telescope (D3000pkSZ = 1.1+−01.71μ K2) shifts the posterior distribution in favour of faster and later reionization models, resulting in lower values of the optical depth to the cosmic microwave background: τe = 0.052+−00.008009 with a 68 per cent confidence interval (CI). The combined EoR and ultraviolet luminosity function observations also imply a typical ionizing escape fraction of 0.04+−00.0305 (95 per cent CI), without a strong dependence on halo mass. We show how the patchy kSZ power from our posterior depends on the midpoint and duration of reionization: a popular parametrization of EoR timing. For a given midpoint and duration, the EoR morphology only has a few per cent impact on the patchy kSZ power in our posterior. However, a physical model is needed to obtain tight constraints from the current low S/N patchy kSZ measurement, as it allows us to take advantage of complimentary high-z observations. Future high S/N detections of the patchy kSZ should decrease the current uncertainties on the timing of the EoR by factors of ∼2–3.
2023
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
cosmic background radiation; dark ages, reionization, first stars; early Universe; galaxies: high-redshift; large-scale structure of Universe
   Centro Nazionale di Ricerca in High Performance Computing, Big Data e Quantum Computing’
   MUR
   PNRR

   Data Science methods for Multi-Messenger Astrophysics and Cosmology
   MUR
   PRO3
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/136963
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