We report the discovery of a remarkable Lyα emitting galaxy at z = 7.2782, JADES-GS+53.16746-27.7720 (shortened to JADES-GS-z7-LA), with rest-frame equivalent width, EW0(Lyα) = 388.0 ± 88.8 Å and UV magnitude -17.0. The spectroscopic redshift is confirmed via rest-frame optical lines [O- ¯II], Hβ and [O- ¯III] in its JWST/NIRSpec Micro-Shutter Assembly (MSA) spectrum. The Lyα line is detected in both lower resolution (R ∼ 100) PRISM as well as medium resolution (R ∼ 1000) G140M grating spectra. The line spread function-deconvolved Lyα full width at half maximum in the grating is 383.9 ± 56.2 km s-1 and the Lyα velocity offset compared to the systemic redshift is 113.3 ± 80.0 km s-1, indicative of very little neutral gas or dust within the galaxy. We estimate the Lyα escape fraction to be > 70%. JADES-GS-z7-LA has a [O- ¯III]/[O- ¯II] ratio (O32) of 11.1 ± 2.2 and a ([O- ¯III] + [O- ¯II])/Hβ ratio (R23) of 11.2 ± 2.6, consistent with low metallicity and high ionization parameters. Deep NIRCam imaging also revealed a close companion source (separated by 0.23- ³), which exhibits similar photometry to that of JADES-GS-z7-LA, with a photometric excess in the F410M NIRCam image consistent with [O- ¯III] + Hβ emission at the same redshift. The spectral energy distribution of JADES-GS-z7-LA indicates a bursty star formation history, with a low stellar mass of 107† M·. Assuming that the Lyα transmission through the intergalactic medium is the same as its measured escape fraction, an ionized region of size > 1.5 pMpc is needed to explain the high Lyα EW and low velocity offset compared to systemic seen in JADES-GS-z7-LA. Owing to its UV-faintness, we show that it is incapable of single-handedly ionizing a region large enough to explain its Lyα emission. Therefore, we suggest that JADES-GS-z7-LA (and possibly the companion source) may be a part of a larger overdensity, presenting direct evidence of overlapping ionized bubbles at z > 7.

JADES : Discovery of extremely high equivalent width Lyman- α emission from a faint galaxy within an ionized bubble at z = 7.3

Carniani S.;
2023

Abstract

We report the discovery of a remarkable Lyα emitting galaxy at z = 7.2782, JADES-GS+53.16746-27.7720 (shortened to JADES-GS-z7-LA), with rest-frame equivalent width, EW0(Lyα) = 388.0 ± 88.8 Å and UV magnitude -17.0. The spectroscopic redshift is confirmed via rest-frame optical lines [O- ¯II], Hβ and [O- ¯III] in its JWST/NIRSpec Micro-Shutter Assembly (MSA) spectrum. The Lyα line is detected in both lower resolution (R ∼ 100) PRISM as well as medium resolution (R ∼ 1000) G140M grating spectra. The line spread function-deconvolved Lyα full width at half maximum in the grating is 383.9 ± 56.2 km s-1 and the Lyα velocity offset compared to the systemic redshift is 113.3 ± 80.0 km s-1, indicative of very little neutral gas or dust within the galaxy. We estimate the Lyα escape fraction to be > 70%. JADES-GS-z7-LA has a [O- ¯III]/[O- ¯II] ratio (O32) of 11.1 ± 2.2 and a ([O- ¯III] + [O- ¯II])/Hβ ratio (R23) of 11.2 ± 2.6, consistent with low metallicity and high ionization parameters. Deep NIRCam imaging also revealed a close companion source (separated by 0.23- ³), which exhibits similar photometry to that of JADES-GS-z7-LA, with a photometric excess in the F410M NIRCam image consistent with [O- ¯III] + Hβ emission at the same redshift. The spectral energy distribution of JADES-GS-z7-LA indicates a bursty star formation history, with a low stellar mass of 107† M·. Assuming that the Lyα transmission through the intergalactic medium is the same as its measured escape fraction, an ionized region of size > 1.5 pMpc is needed to explain the high Lyα EW and low velocity offset compared to systemic seen in JADES-GS-z7-LA. Owing to its UV-faintness, we show that it is incapable of single-handedly ionizing a region large enough to explain its Lyα emission. Therefore, we suggest that JADES-GS-z7-LA (and possibly the companion source) may be a part of a larger overdensity, presenting direct evidence of overlapping ionized bubbles at z > 7.
2023
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
Dark ages; First stars; Galaxies: evolution; Galaxies: high-redshift; Galaxies: star formation; Reionization
   Winds in galaxies
   WINGS
   European Commission
   Horizon Europe Framework Programme
   101040227

   Finding the most distant galaxies with NIRSpec guaranteed time on the James Webb Space Telescope
   FirstGalaxies
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   789056

   Star formation quenching and feedback in galaxies throughout the cosmic epochs
   QUENCH
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   695671

   Star formation in galaxies from the Epoch of Reionisation to the present day with JWST
   UK Research and Innovation
   STFC
   ST/W001438/1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/137063
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