We present the first data release of the Survey on extragALactic magnetiSm with SOFIA (SALSA Legacy Program) with a set of 14 nearby (<20 Mpc) galaxies with resolved imaging polarimetric observations using HAWC+ from 53 to 214 μm at a resolution of 5″-18″ (90 pc-1 kpc). We introduce the definitions of and background on extragalactic magnetism and present the scientific motivation and sample selection of the program. Here we focus on the general trends in the emissive polarization fraction. Far-infrared polarimetric observations trace the thermal polarized emission of magnetically aligned dust grains across the galaxy disks with polarization fractions of P = 0%-15% in the cold, T d = [19, 48] K, and dense, log10(NHI+H2[cm-2])=[19.96,22.91], interstellar medium. The spiral galaxies show a median «P 154 μm» = 3.3% ± 0.9% across the disks. We report the first polarized spectrum of starburst galaxies showing a minimum within 89-154 μm. The falling 53-154 μm polarized spectrum may be due to a decrease in the dust grain alignment efficiency produced by variations in dust temperatures along the line of sight in the galactic outflow. We find that the starburst galaxies and the star-forming regions within normal galaxies have the lowest polarization fractions. We find that 50% (seven out of 14) of the galaxies require a broken power law in the P - NHI+H2 and P - T d relations with three different trends. Group 1 has a relative increase of anisotropic random B-fields produced by compression or shear of B-fields in the galactic outflows, starburst rings, and inner bars of galaxies, and groups 2 and 3 have a relative increase of isotropic random B-fields driven by star-forming regions in the spiral arms and/or an increase of dust grain alignment efficiency caused by shock-driven regions or evolutionary stages of a galaxy.

Extragalactic Magnetism with SOFIA (SALSA Legacy Program) : IV. Program Overview and First Results on the Polarization Fraction

NTORMOUSI, Evangelia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2022

Abstract

We present the first data release of the Survey on extragALactic magnetiSm with SOFIA (SALSA Legacy Program) with a set of 14 nearby (<20 Mpc) galaxies with resolved imaging polarimetric observations using HAWC+ from 53 to 214 μm at a resolution of 5″-18″ (90 pc-1 kpc). We introduce the definitions of and background on extragalactic magnetism and present the scientific motivation and sample selection of the program. Here we focus on the general trends in the emissive polarization fraction. Far-infrared polarimetric observations trace the thermal polarized emission of magnetically aligned dust grains across the galaxy disks with polarization fractions of P = 0%-15% in the cold, T d = [19, 48] K, and dense, log10(NHI+H2[cm-2])=[19.96,22.91], interstellar medium. The spiral galaxies show a median «P 154 μm» = 3.3% ± 0.9% across the disks. We report the first polarized spectrum of starburst galaxies showing a minimum within 89-154 μm. The falling 53-154 μm polarized spectrum may be due to a decrease in the dust grain alignment efficiency produced by variations in dust temperatures along the line of sight in the galactic outflow. We find that the starburst galaxies and the star-forming regions within normal galaxies have the lowest polarization fractions. We find that 50% (seven out of 14) of the galaxies require a broken power law in the P - NHI+H2 and P - T d relations with three different trends. Group 1 has a relative increase of anisotropic random B-fields produced by compression or shear of B-fields in the galactic outflows, starburst rings, and inner bars of galaxies, and groups 2 and 3 have a relative increase of isotropic random B-fields driven by star-forming regions in the spiral arms and/or an increase of dust grain alignment efficiency caused by shock-driven regions or evolutionary stages of a galaxy.
2022
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
Spectral energy-distribution; nearby galaxies survey; star-formation history; h-alpha kinematics; small-scale dynamo; edge-on galaxies; optical polarization; spiral arms; radio-continuum; molecular gas
   Overcoming the Dominant Foreground of Inflationary B-modes: Tomography of Galactic Magnetic Dust via Measurements of Starlight Polarization
   PASIPHAE
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   771282

   The Interstellar Medium of High Redshift Galaxies
   INTERSTELLAR
   European Commission
   Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
   740120
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/141056
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