A practical synthesis of N-[2-(2-bromo-5-methoxy-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]- acetamide (2-bromomelatonin) was achieved by direct bromination of melatonin with N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) in anhydrous acetic acid at room temperature under nitrogen, followed by flash-chromatography. 1H-NMR and mass spectra showed the bromine to be incorporated at the C-2 position of the indole moiety. Tests performed in vitro with isolated melatonin receptors from rabbit parietal cortex demonstrated that the relative binding affinity of 2-bromomelatonin was about ten times higher than that of melatonin and close to that of 2-iodomelatonin. 2-Bromomelatonin behaved as a potent agonist in the physiological studies. It showed enhanced activity in inhibiting the spontaneous firing activity of cortical neurons and similarly to melatonin and 2-iodomelatonin potentiated significantly the inhibitory effect of GABA. 2-Bromomelatonin was also an extremely effective agonist in the tests performed in vivo in the Syrian hamster gonadal regression model.

2-Bromomelatonin: synthesis and characterization of a potent melatonin agonist

CAPSONI, SIMONA;
1992

Abstract

A practical synthesis of N-[2-(2-bromo-5-methoxy-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]- acetamide (2-bromomelatonin) was achieved by direct bromination of melatonin with N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) in anhydrous acetic acid at room temperature under nitrogen, followed by flash-chromatography. 1H-NMR and mass spectra showed the bromine to be incorporated at the C-2 position of the indole moiety. Tests performed in vitro with isolated melatonin receptors from rabbit parietal cortex demonstrated that the relative binding affinity of 2-bromomelatonin was about ten times higher than that of melatonin and close to that of 2-iodomelatonin. 2-Bromomelatonin behaved as a potent agonist in the physiological studies. It showed enhanced activity in inhibiting the spontaneous firing activity of cortical neurons and similarly to melatonin and 2-iodomelatonin potentiated significantly the inhibitory effect of GABA. 2-Bromomelatonin was also an extremely effective agonist in the tests performed in vivo in the Syrian hamster gonadal regression model.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/23454
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 45
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 47
social impact