Optical manipulation of entanglement harnessing the frequency degree of freedom is important for encoding of quantum information. We here devise a phase-resonant excitation mechanism of an atomic interface where full control of a narrowband single-photon two-mode frequency entangled state can be efficiently achieved. We illustrate the working physical mechanism for an interface made of cold Rb-87 atoms where entanglement is well preserved from degradation over a typical 100 mu m length scale of the interface and with fractional delays of the order of unity. The scheme provides a basis for efficient multi-frequency and multi-photon entanglement, which is not easily accessible to polarization and spatial encoding.

Manipulating Frequency-Bin Entangled States in Cold Atoms

LA ROCCA, Giuseppe Carlo
2014

Abstract

Optical manipulation of entanglement harnessing the frequency degree of freedom is important for encoding of quantum information. We here devise a phase-resonant excitation mechanism of an atomic interface where full control of a narrowband single-photon two-mode frequency entangled state can be efficiently achieved. We illustrate the working physical mechanism for an interface made of cold Rb-87 atoms where entanglement is well preserved from degradation over a typical 100 mu m length scale of the interface and with fractional delays of the order of unity. The scheme provides a basis for efficient multi-frequency and multi-photon entanglement, which is not easily accessible to polarization and spatial encoding.
frequency bin entanglement; single photon; electromagnetically induced transparency; quantum information
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/30403
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