We consider a two-level quantum system prepared in an arbitrary initial state and relaxing to a steady state due to the action of a Markovian dissipative channel. We study how optimal control can be used for speeding up or slowing down the relaxation towards the fixed point of the dynamics. We analytically derive the optimal relaxation times for different quantum channels in the ideal ansatz of unconstrained quantum control (a magnetic field of infinite strength). We also analyze the situation in which the control Hamiltonian is bounded by a finite threshold. As by-products of our analysis, we find that (i) if the qubit is initially in a thermal state hotter than the environmental bath, quantum control can not speed up its natural cooling rate; (ii) if the qubit is initially in a thermal state colder than the bath, it can reach the fixed point of the dynamics in finite time if a strong control field is applied; (iii) in the presence of unconstrained quantum control, it is possible to keep the evolved state indefinitely and arbitrarily close to special initial states which are far away from the fixed points of the dynamics.
|Titolo:||Speeding up and slowing down the relaxation of a qubit by optimal control|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Parole Chiave:||DYNAMICAL EVOLUTION; QUANTUM-SYSTEMS|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.88.062326|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|