Aβ oligomers (AβOs) are crucially involved in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). However, the lack of selective approaches for targeting these polymorphic Aβ assemblies represents a major hurdle in understanding their biosynthesis, traffic and actions in living cells. Here, we established a subcellularly localized conformational-selective interference (CSI) approach, based on the expression of a recombinant antibody fragment against AβOs in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). By CSI, we can control extra- and intracellular pools of AβOs produced in an AD-relevant cell model, without interfering with the maturation and processing of the Aβ precursor protein. The anti-AβOs intrabody selectively intercepts critical AβO conformers in the ER, modulating their assembly and controlling their actions in pathways of cellular homeostasis and synaptic signalling. Our results demonstrate that intracellular Aβ undergoes pathological oligomerization through critical conformations formed inside the ER. This establishes intracellular AβOs as key targets for AD treatment and presents CSI as a potential targeting strategy.

Ab oligomers (AbOs) are crucially involved in Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). However, the lack of selective approaches for targeting these polymorphic Ab assemblies represents a major hurdle in understanding their biosynthesis, traffic and actions in living cells. Here, we established a subcellularly localized conformational-selective interference (CSI) approach, based on the expression of a recombinant antibody fragment against AbOs in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). By CSI, we can control extra- and intracellular pools of AbOs produced in an AD-relevant cell model, without interfering with the maturation and processing of the Ab precursor protein. The anti-AbOs intrabody selectively intercepts critical AbO conformers in the ER, modulating their assembly and controlling their actions in pathways of cellular homeostasis and synaptic signalling. Our results demonstrate that intracellular Ab undergoes pathological oligomerization through critical conformations formed inside the ER. This establishes intracellular AbOs as key targets for AD treatment and presents CSI as a potential targeting strategy.

Conformational targeting of intracellular Amyloid-beta oligomers demonstrates their pathological oligomerization inside the endoplasmic reticulum

CATTANEO, ANTONINO
2014

Abstract

Aβ oligomers (AβOs) are crucially involved in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). However, the lack of selective approaches for targeting these polymorphic Aβ assemblies represents a major hurdle in understanding their biosynthesis, traffic and actions in living cells. Here, we established a subcellularly localized conformational-selective interference (CSI) approach, based on the expression of a recombinant antibody fragment against AβOs in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). By CSI, we can control extra- and intracellular pools of AβOs produced in an AD-relevant cell model, without interfering with the maturation and processing of the Aβ precursor protein. The anti-AβOs intrabody selectively intercepts critical AβO conformers in the ER, modulating their assembly and controlling their actions in pathways of cellular homeostasis and synaptic signalling. Our results demonstrate that intracellular Aβ undergoes pathological oligomerization through critical conformations formed inside the ER. This establishes intracellular AβOs as key targets for AD treatment and presents CSI as a potential targeting strategy.
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
FP7 - Human Brain Project (HBP) Neuroantibodies
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/39798
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