Tadpoles accompany, in one form or another, all attempts to realize supersymmetry breaking in String Theory, making the present constructions at best incomplete. Whereas these tadpoles are typically large, a closer look at the problem from a perturbative viewpoint has the potential of illuminating at least some of its qualitative features in String Theory. A possible scheme to this effect was proposed long ago by Fischler and Susskind, but incorporating background redefinitions in string amplitudes in a systematic fashion has long proved very difficult. In the first part of this paper, drawing from field theory examples, we thus begin to explore what one can learn by working perturbatively in a “wrong” vacuum. While unnatural in Field Theory, this procedure presents evident advantages in String Theory, whose definition in curved backgrounds is mostly beyond reach at the present time. At the field theory level, we also identify and characterize some special choices of vacua where tadpole resummations terminate after a few contributions. In the second part we present a notable example where vacuum redefinitions can be dealt with to some extent at the full string level, providing some evidence for a new link between IIB and 0B orientifolds. We finally show that NS–NS tadpoles do not manifest themselves to lowest order in certain classes of string constructions with broken supersymmetry and parallel branes, including brane–antibrane pairs and brane supersymmetry breaking models, that therefore have UV-finite threshold corrections at one loop.
|Titolo:||On Tadpoles and Vacuum Redefinitions in String theory|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Parole Chiave:||Supersymmetry breaking; Vacuum redefinitions|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2004.11.028|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|