The structural factors underlying the peculiar optical properties and visible chromophore of eumelanin biopolymers are largely uncharted. It is known that synthetic eumelanins from 5,6-dihydroxyindole are black and display a featureless UV-visible absorption spectrum, whereas those from 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (1) are lighter in color and exhibit a distinct band around 310 nm, but the origin of this difference has never been addressed in detail. Recently, we showed that 5,6-dihydroxyindole dimers generate on pulse radiolysis oxidn. strongly absorbing transients with intense maxima in the 500-600 nm region, which have been attributed to planar extended quinone methide species. We now report the unexpectedly different behavior of three oligomers from 1, namely, the 4,4'-biindolyl 2, the 4,7'-biindolyl 3, and the 4,7':4',7''-terindolyl 4. Pulse radiolysis oxidn. of 2-4 led initially to semiquinone intermediates exhibiting similar absorption maxima at 360-380 nm. Semiquinone absorption decay followed second-order kinetics (2k = 1.4 108, 3.2 108, and 1.4 108 M-1 s-1 for 2, 3, and 4, resp.) but did not lead to significant chromophore development in the visible region. Similar absorption traces were obtained from monomer 1. DFT calcns. predicted 5,6-dihydroxyindolyl-5,6-indolequinone structures with significant dihedral twists across the interunit single bonds for the most stable two-electron oxidn. products of 2 and 3. The computed absorption spectra consistently featured strong bands around 310 nm but little or no absorption in the visible region. It is suggested that the effective conjugation length in oligomeric/polymeric eumelanin components from 1 may be controlled by hindered rotation around inter-ring bonds preventing planarization of the continuous array of indole units. This may provide an explanation for the difference in the absorption properties of polymers from the two key eumelanin monomers.

Lack of Visible Chromofore Development in the Pulse RadiolysisOxidation of 5,6-dihydroxyndole-2-carboxylic Acid Oligomers: DFT Investigation and Implications for Eumelanin Absorption Propertiess

BARONE, Vincenzo;
2009

Abstract

The structural factors underlying the peculiar optical properties and visible chromophore of eumelanin biopolymers are largely uncharted. It is known that synthetic eumelanins from 5,6-dihydroxyindole are black and display a featureless UV-visible absorption spectrum, whereas those from 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (1) are lighter in color and exhibit a distinct band around 310 nm, but the origin of this difference has never been addressed in detail. Recently, we showed that 5,6-dihydroxyindole dimers generate on pulse radiolysis oxidn. strongly absorbing transients with intense maxima in the 500-600 nm region, which have been attributed to planar extended quinone methide species. We now report the unexpectedly different behavior of three oligomers from 1, namely, the 4,4'-biindolyl 2, the 4,7'-biindolyl 3, and the 4,7':4',7''-terindolyl 4. Pulse radiolysis oxidn. of 2-4 led initially to semiquinone intermediates exhibiting similar absorption maxima at 360-380 nm. Semiquinone absorption decay followed second-order kinetics (2k = 1.4 108, 3.2 108, and 1.4 108 M-1 s-1 for 2, 3, and 4, resp.) but did not lead to significant chromophore development in the visible region. Similar absorption traces were obtained from monomer 1. DFT calcns. predicted 5,6-dihydroxyindolyl-5,6-indolequinone structures with significant dihedral twists across the interunit single bonds for the most stable two-electron oxidn. products of 2 and 3. The computed absorption spectra consistently featured strong bands around 310 nm but little or no absorption in the visible region. It is suggested that the effective conjugation length in oligomeric/polymeric eumelanin components from 1 may be controlled by hindered rotation around inter-ring bonds preventing planarization of the continuous array of indole units. This may provide an explanation for the difference in the absorption properties of polymers from the two key eumelanin monomers.
2009
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
DENSITY-FUNCTIONAL THEORY; POLARIZABLE CONTINUUM MODEL; IONIZATION MASS-SPECTROMETRY; AQUEOUS-SOLUTION; GAS-PHASE; EXCITATION-ENERGIES; TD-DFT; BIOMIMETIC CONDITIONS; MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS; SOLVATION MODELS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/5125
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