Given a closed surface, we prove a general existence result for some elliptic PDEs with exponential nonlinearities and negative Dirac deltas, extending a theory recently obtained for the regular case. This is done by global methods: since the associated Euler functional might be unbounded from below, we define a new model space, generalizing the so-called space of formal barycenters and characterizing (up to homotopy equivalence) its low sublevels. As a result, the analytic problem is reduced to a topological one concerning the contractibility of this model space. To this aim, we prove a new functional inequality in the spirit of [16] and then employ a min-max scheme, jointly with the blow-up analysis in [5] (after [6], [8]). This study is motivated by abelian Chern-Simons theory in self-dual regime, or from the problem of prescribing the Gaussian curvature with conical singularities (generalizing a problem raised in [25]).

Weighted barycentric sets and singular Liouville equations on compact surfaces

MALCHIODI, ANDREA
2012

Abstract

Given a closed surface, we prove a general existence result for some elliptic PDEs with exponential nonlinearities and negative Dirac deltas, extending a theory recently obtained for the regular case. This is done by global methods: since the associated Euler functional might be unbounded from below, we define a new model space, generalizing the so-called space of formal barycenters and characterizing (up to homotopy equivalence) its low sublevels. As a result, the analytic problem is reduced to a topological one concerning the contractibility of this model space. To this aim, we prove a new functional inequality in the spirit of [16] and then employ a min-max scheme, jointly with the blow-up analysis in [5] (after [6], [8]). This study is motivated by abelian Chern-Simons theory in self-dual regime, or from the problem of prescribing the Gaussian curvature with conical singularities (generalizing a problem raised in [25]).
Settore MAT/05 - Analisi Matematica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/56020
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