We report here the presence of N6-methyladenine (MeAde) in the macronuclear DNA (maDNA) of Blepharisma japonicum vegetative cells. We have further investigated the relationship between DNA methylation and cell union in cells activated for conjugation. Such activation was induced by treating cells of mating type I with complementary gamone 2. We found a reduction of about 24% of MeAde content in gamone-treated cells ready for cell union. First indications of the presence and reduction of MeAde content came from electrophoresis of maDNA digested by appropriate restriction endonucleases. Chromatographic determination of the amount of methylated base by HPLC substantiated these observations. In vegetative cells, 1.576 ± 0.02% of total adenine was found to be methylated as opposed to 1.193 ± 0.04% in activated cells. The HPLC analysis of maDNA also revealed a peak with a retention time corresponding to that of 5-hydroxymethyluracil, already found in some species of dinoflagellates. In that gamone treatment is correlated with a differential gene expression (indicated by a differential RNA and protein synthesis), our results suggest that there is a relationship between macronuclear genome activation and demethylation of maDNA. This is the first report of a correlation between gene activation and adenine demethylation in a eukaryotic organism.

DNA Methylation in Vegetative and Conjugating cells of a Protozoan Ciliate: Blepharisma japonicum

SALVINI, Mariangela;
1986

Abstract

We report here the presence of N6-methyladenine (MeAde) in the macronuclear DNA (maDNA) of Blepharisma japonicum vegetative cells. We have further investigated the relationship between DNA methylation and cell union in cells activated for conjugation. Such activation was induced by treating cells of mating type I with complementary gamone 2. We found a reduction of about 24% of MeAde content in gamone-treated cells ready for cell union. First indications of the presence and reduction of MeAde content came from electrophoresis of maDNA digested by appropriate restriction endonucleases. Chromatographic determination of the amount of methylated base by HPLC substantiated these observations. In vegetative cells, 1.576 ± 0.02% of total adenine was found to be methylated as opposed to 1.193 ± 0.04% in activated cells. The HPLC analysis of maDNA also revealed a peak with a retention time corresponding to that of 5-hydroxymethyluracil, already found in some species of dinoflagellates. In that gamone treatment is correlated with a differential gene expression (indicated by a differential RNA and protein synthesis), our results suggest that there is a relationship between macronuclear genome activation and demethylation of maDNA. This is the first report of a correlation between gene activation and adenine demethylation in a eukaryotic organism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/5632
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