Using the density-matrix renormalization group algorithm (DMRG) and a finite-size scaling analysis, we study the properties of the one-dimensional completely anisotropic spin-1/2 XYZ model with Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya (DM) interactions. The model shows a rich phase diagram: depending on the value of the coupling constants, the system can display different kinds of ferromagnetic order and Luttinger liquid behavior. Transitions from ferromagnetic to Luttinger liquid phases are first order. We thoroughly discuss the transition between different ferromagnetic phases, which, in the absence of DM interactions, belongs to the XX universality class. We provide evidence that the DM exchange term splits this critical line into two separated Ising-like transitions and that in between a disordered phase may appear. Our study sheds light on the general problem of strongly interacting spin–orbit-coupled bosonic gases trapped in an optical lattice and can be used to characterize the topological properties of superconducting nanowires in the presence of an imposed supercurrent and of interactions.

The XYZ chain with Dzyaloshinsky–Moriya interactions: from spin–orbit-coupled lattice bosons to interacting Kitaev chains

PEOTTA, SEBASTIANO;MAZZA, LEONARDO;POLINI, Marco;FAZIO, ROSARIO;ROSSINI, DAVIDE
2014

Abstract

Using the density-matrix renormalization group algorithm (DMRG) and a finite-size scaling analysis, we study the properties of the one-dimensional completely anisotropic spin-1/2 XYZ model with Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya (DM) interactions. The model shows a rich phase diagram: depending on the value of the coupling constants, the system can display different kinds of ferromagnetic order and Luttinger liquid behavior. Transitions from ferromagnetic to Luttinger liquid phases are first order. We thoroughly discuss the transition between different ferromagnetic phases, which, in the absence of DM interactions, belongs to the XX universality class. We provide evidence that the DM exchange term splits this critical line into two separated Ising-like transitions and that in between a disordered phase may appear. Our study sheds light on the general problem of strongly interacting spin–orbit-coupled bosonic gases trapped in an optical lattice and can be used to characterize the topological properties of superconducting nanowires in the presence of an imposed supercurrent and of interactions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/57444
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