Lossy atomic photonic crystals can be suitably tailored so that the real and imaginary parts of the susceptibility are, respectively, an odd and an even function of position. Such a parity-time (PT) space antisymmetry in the susceptibility requires neither optical gain nor negative refraction, but is rather attained by a combined control of the spatial modulation of both the atomic density and their dynamic level shift. These passive photonic crystals made of dressed atoms are characterized by a tunable unidirectional reflectionlessness accompanied by an appreciable degree of transmission. Interestingly, such peculiar properties are associated with non-Hermitian degeneracies of the crystal scattering matrix, which can then be directly observed through reflectivity measurements via a straightforward phase modulation of the atomic dynamic level shift and even off resonance.

Parity-time-antisymmetric atomic lattices without gain

LA ROCCA, Giuseppe Carlo
2015

Abstract

Lossy atomic photonic crystals can be suitably tailored so that the real and imaginary parts of the susceptibility are, respectively, an odd and an even function of position. Such a parity-time (PT) space antisymmetry in the susceptibility requires neither optical gain nor negative refraction, but is rather attained by a combined control of the spatial modulation of both the atomic density and their dynamic level shift. These passive photonic crystals made of dressed atoms are characterized by a tunable unidirectional reflectionlessness accompanied by an appreciable degree of transmission. Interestingly, such peculiar properties are associated with non-Hermitian degeneracies of the crystal scattering matrix, which can then be directly observed through reflectivity measurements via a straightforward phase modulation of the atomic dynamic level shift and even off resonance.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
ELECTROMAGNETICALLY INDUCED TRANSPARENCY; NON-HERMITIAN HAMILTONIANS; EXCEPTIONAL POINTS; PHOTONIC CRYSTAL; OPTICAL LATTICES
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/58706
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