In this work, two perylene derivatives containing different peripheral alkyl chains (i.e., N,N′-bis-(hexyl)- perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxyldiimide (ES-PTCDI) and N,N′-bis-(2′-ethylhexyl)perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracar- boxyldiimide (EE-PTCDI)) were synthesized and efficiently dispersed at low loadings (from 0.01 to 0.1 wt %) into linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) by processing in the melt. Spectroscopic investigations (UV-vis and fluorescence) combined with quantum-mechanical studies demonstrated the ability of both chromophores to generate aggregates among the planar structure of dyes when dissolved in solution or dispersed into LLDPE above a certain concentration. The data acquired for dyes’ dispersions into the polymer matrix reveal that the optical properties and responsiveness to mechanical stimuli are strongly dependent on the compactness of perylene aggregates provided by the different molecular structure of dyes. In particular, the strong intermolecular aggregates of ES-PTCDI resulted in being more resistant toward mechanical stress and less orientable by uniaxial drawing along the drawing direction of the film, whereas the less compact and distorted supramolecular architecture of EE-PTCDI chromophores provided composite films with a remarkable optical response to mechanical solicitations.

Modulation of the Optical Response of Polyethylene Films Containing Luminescent Perylene Chromophores

CAPPELLI, Chiara;
2008

Abstract

In this work, two perylene derivatives containing different peripheral alkyl chains (i.e., N,N′-bis-(hexyl)- perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxyldiimide (ES-PTCDI) and N,N′-bis-(2′-ethylhexyl)perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracar- boxyldiimide (EE-PTCDI)) were synthesized and efficiently dispersed at low loadings (from 0.01 to 0.1 wt %) into linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) by processing in the melt. Spectroscopic investigations (UV-vis and fluorescence) combined with quantum-mechanical studies demonstrated the ability of both chromophores to generate aggregates among the planar structure of dyes when dissolved in solution or dispersed into LLDPE above a certain concentration. The data acquired for dyes’ dispersions into the polymer matrix reveal that the optical properties and responsiveness to mechanical stimuli are strongly dependent on the compactness of perylene aggregates provided by the different molecular structure of dyes. In particular, the strong intermolecular aggregates of ES-PTCDI resulted in being more resistant toward mechanical stress and less orientable by uniaxial drawing along the drawing direction of the film, whereas the less compact and distorted supramolecular architecture of EE-PTCDI chromophores provided composite films with a remarkable optical response to mechanical solicitations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/59375
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