A new measure of non-classical correlations is introduced and characterized. It tests the ability of using a state ho of a composite system AB as a probe for a quantum illumination task [e.g. see S. Lloyd, Science 321, 1463 (2008)], in which one is asked to remotely discriminate among the two following scenarios: i) either nothing happens to the probe, or ii) the subsystem A is transformed via a local unitary R_A whose properties are partially unspecified when producing ho. This new measure can be seen as the discrete version of the recently introduced Intereferometric Power measure [G. Girolami et al. e-print arXiv:1309.1472 (2013)] and, at least for the case in which A is a qubit, it is shown to coincide (up to an irrelevant scaling factor) with the Local Quantum Uncertainty measure of D. Girolami, T. Tufarelli, and G. Adesso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 240402 (2013). Analytical expressions are derived which allow us to formally prove that, within the set of separable configurations, the maximum value of our non-classicality measure is achieved over the set of quantum-classical states (i.e. states ho which admit a statistical unravelling where each element of the associated ensemble is distinguishable via local measures on B).

A new measure of non-classical correlations is introduced and characterized. It tests the ability of using a state ρ of a composite system AB as a probe for a quantum illumination task (e.g. see Lloyd 2008 Science 321 1463), in which one is asked to remotely discriminate between the two following scenarios: (i) either nothing happens to the probe, or (ii) the subsystem A is transformed via a local unitary ${{R}_{A}}$ whose properties are partially unspecified when producing ρ. This new measure can be seen as the discrete version of the recently introduced interferometric power measure (Girolami et al 2013 e-print arXiv:1309.1472) and, at least for the case in which A is a qubit, it is shown to coincide (up to an irrelevant scaling factor) with the local quantum uncertainty measure of Girolami, Tufarelli and Adesso (2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 240402). Analytical expressions are derived which allow us to formally prove that, within the set of separable configurations, the maximum value of our non-classicality measure is achieved over the set of quantum-classical states (i.e. states ρ which admit a statistical unravelling where each element of the associated ensemble is distinguishable via local measures on B).

Discriminating strength: a bona fide measure of non-classical correlations

FARACE, ALESSANDRO;DE PASQUALE, ANTONELLA;RIGOVACCA, LUCA;GIOVANNETTI, VITTORIO
2014

Abstract

A new measure of non-classical correlations is introduced and characterized. It tests the ability of using a state ho of a composite system AB as a probe for a quantum illumination task [e.g. see S. Lloyd, Science 321, 1463 (2008)], in which one is asked to remotely discriminate among the two following scenarios: i) either nothing happens to the probe, or ii) the subsystem A is transformed via a local unitary R_A whose properties are partially unspecified when producing ho. This new measure can be seen as the discrete version of the recently introduced Intereferometric Power measure [G. Girolami et al. e-print arXiv:1309.1472 (2013)] and, at least for the case in which A is a qubit, it is shown to coincide (up to an irrelevant scaling factor) with the Local Quantum Uncertainty measure of D. Girolami, T. Tufarelli, and G. Adesso, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 240402 (2013). Analytical expressions are derived which allow us to formally prove that, within the set of separable configurations, the maximum value of our non-classicality measure is achieved over the set of quantum-classical states (i.e. states ho which admit a statistical unravelling where each element of the associated ensemble is distinguishable via local measures on B).
Quantum Physics; Quantum Physics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/60413
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