Optical channels, such as fibers or free-space links, are ubiquitous in today's telecommunication networks. They rely on the electromagnetic field associated with photons to carry information from one point to another in space. As a result, a complete physical model of these channels must necessarily take quantum effects into account in order to determine their ultimate performances. Specifically, Gaussian photonic (or bosonic) quantum channels have been extensively studied over the past decades given their importance for practical purposes. In spite of this, a longstanding conjecture on the optimality of Gaussian encodings has yet prevented finding their communication capacity. Here, this conjecture is solved by proving that the vacuum state achieves the minimum output entropy of a generic Gaussian bosonic channel. This establishes the ultimate achievable bit rate under an energy constraint, as well as the long awaited proof that the single-letter classical capacity of these channels is additive. Beyond capacities, it also has broad consequences in quantum information sciences.
|Titolo:||Ultimate classical communication rates of quantum optical channels|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Parole Chiave:||Quantum Physics; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics; Mathematics - Mathematical Physics|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2014.216|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|