The dust formation process in the winds of Asymptotic Giant Branch stars is discussed, based on full evolutionary models of stars with mass in the range $1$M$_odot leq$M$leq 8$M$_odot$, and metallicities $0.001 < Z <0.008$. Dust grains are assumed to form in an isotropically expanding wind, by growth of pre--existing seed nuclei. Convection, for what concerns the treatment of convective borders and the efficiency of the schematization adopted, turns out to be the physical ingredient used to calculate the evolutionary sequences with the highest impact on the results obtained. Low--mass stars with M$leq 3$M$_odot$ produce carbon type dust with also traces of silicon carbide. The mass of solid carbon formed, fairly independently of metallicity, ranges from a few $10^-4$M$_odot$, for stars of initial mass $1-1.5$M$_odot$, to $sim 10^-2$M$_odot$ for M$sim 2-2.5$M$_odot$; the size of dust particles is in the range $0.1 mu$m$leq a_C leq 0.2mu$m. On the contrary, the production of silicon carbide (SiC) depends on metallicity. For $10^-3 leq Z leq 8 imes 10^-3$ the size of SiC grains varies in the range $0.05 mu m m < m a_SiC < 0.1 mu$m, while the mass of SiC formed is $10^-5 m M_odot < m M_SiC < 10^-3 m M_odot$. Models of higher mass experience Hot Bottom Burning, which prevents the formation of carbon stars, and favours the formation of silicates and corundum. In this case the results scale with metallicity, owing to the larger silicon and aluminium contained in higher--Z models. At Z=$8 imes 10^-3$ we find that the most massive stars produce dust masses $m_d sim 0.01$M$_odot$, whereas models of smaller mass produce a dust mass ten times smaller. The main component of dust are silicates, although corundum is also formed, in not negligible quantities ($sim 10-20%$).
|Titolo:||Dust from asymptotic giant branch stars: relevant factors and modelling uncertainties|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica|
|Parole Chiave:||astro-ph.SR; astro-ph.SR|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu028|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|