In recent years, the study of the interplay between (fully) non-linear potential theory and geometry received important new impulse. The purpose of our work is to move a step further in this direction by investigating appropriate versions of parabolicity and maximum principles at infinity for large classes of non-linear (sub)equations $F$ on manifolds. The main goal is to show a unifying duality between such properties and the existence of suitable $F$-subharmonic exhaustions, called Khas'minskii potentials, which is new even for most of the ``standard" operators arising from geometry, and improves on partial results in the literature. Applications include new characterizations of the classical maximum principles at infinity (Ekeland, Omori-Yau and their weak versions by Pigola-Rigoli-Setti) and of conservation properties for stochastic processes (martingale completeness). Applications to the theory of submanifolds and Riemannian submersions are also discussed.

Duality between Ahlfors-Liouville and Khas'minskii properties for nonlinear equations

MARI, Luciano
;
2020

Abstract

In recent years, the study of the interplay between (fully) non-linear potential theory and geometry received important new impulse. The purpose of our work is to move a step further in this direction by investigating appropriate versions of parabolicity and maximum principles at infinity for large classes of non-linear (sub)equations $F$ on manifolds. The main goal is to show a unifying duality between such properties and the existence of suitable $F$-subharmonic exhaustions, called Khas'minskii potentials, which is new even for most of the ``standard" operators arising from geometry, and improves on partial results in the literature. Applications include new characterizations of the classical maximum principles at infinity (Ekeland, Omori-Yau and their weak versions by Pigola-Rigoli-Setti) and of conservation properties for stochastic processes (martingale completeness). Applications to the theory of submanifolds and Riemannian submersions are also discussed.
2020
Settore MAT/03 - Geometria
Potential theory, Liouville theorem, Omori-Yau, maximum principles, stochastic completeness, martingale, completeness, Ekeland, Brownian motion
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/68878
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