The cosmic 21 cm signal is set to revolutionize our understanding of the early Universe, allowing us to probe the 3D temperature and ionization structure of the intergalactic medium (IGM). It will open a window on to the unseen first galaxies, showing us how their UV and X-ray photons drove the cosmic milestones of the epoch of reionization (EoR) and epoch of heating (EoH). To facilitate parameter inference from the 21 cm signal, we previously developed 21CMMC: a Monte Carlo Markov Chain sampler of 3D EoR simulations. Here, we extend 21CMMC to include simultaneous modelling of the EoH, resulting in a complete Bayesian inference framework for the astrophysics dominating the observable epochs of the cosmic 21 cm signal. We demonstrate that second-generation interferometers, the Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array and Square Kilometre Array will be able to constrain ionizing and X-ray source properties of the first galaxies with a fractional precision of the order of ∼1–10 per cent (1σ). The ionization history of the Universe can be constrained to within a few percent. Using our extended framework, we quantify the bias in EoR parameter recovery incurred by the common simplification of a saturated spin temperature in the IGM. Depending on the extent of overlap between the EoR and the EoH, the recovered astrophysical parameters can be biased by ∼3σ–10σ.

Simultaneously constraining the astrophysics of reionization and the epoch of heating with 21CMMC

Mesinger, Andrei
2017

Abstract

The cosmic 21 cm signal is set to revolutionize our understanding of the early Universe, allowing us to probe the 3D temperature and ionization structure of the intergalactic medium (IGM). It will open a window on to the unseen first galaxies, showing us how their UV and X-ray photons drove the cosmic milestones of the epoch of reionization (EoR) and epoch of heating (EoH). To facilitate parameter inference from the 21 cm signal, we previously developed 21CMMC: a Monte Carlo Markov Chain sampler of 3D EoR simulations. Here, we extend 21CMMC to include simultaneous modelling of the EoH, resulting in a complete Bayesian inference framework for the astrophysics dominating the observable epochs of the cosmic 21 cm signal. We demonstrate that second-generation interferometers, the Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array and Square Kilometre Array will be able to constrain ionizing and X-ray source properties of the first galaxies with a fractional precision of the order of ∼1–10 per cent (1σ). The ionization history of the Universe can be constrained to within a few percent. Using our extended framework, we quantify the bias in EoR parameter recovery incurred by the common simplification of a saturated spin temperature in the IGM. Depending on the extent of overlap between the EoR and the EoH, the recovered astrophysical parameters can be biased by ∼3σ–10σ.
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
galaxies: high-redshift, intergalactic medium, dark ages, reionization, first stars, diffuse radiation, early Universe, cosmology: theory
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
GreigSIMUL_stx2118.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Published version
Licenza: Accesso gratuito (sola lettura)
Dimensione 2.51 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.51 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
GreigSIMUL_1705.03471.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Accepted version (post-print)
Licenza: Accesso gratuito (sola lettura)
Dimensione 2.93 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.93 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/69009
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 72
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 77
social impact