Motivated by applications in quantum chemistry and solid state physics, we apply general results from approximation theory and matrix analysis to the study of the decay properties of spectral projectors associated with large and sparse Hermitian matrices. Our theory leads to a rigorous proof of the exponential off-diagonal decay ("nearsightedness") for the density matrix of gapped systems at zero electronic temperature in both orthogonal and nonorthogonal representations, thus providing a firm theoretical basis for the possibility of linear scaling methods in electronic structure calculations for nonmetallic systems. We further discuss the case of density matrices for metallic systems at positive electronic temperature. A few other possible applications are also discussed. © 2013 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Decay properties of spectral projectors with applications to electronic structure

Benzi, Michele;Boito, Paola;
2013

Abstract

Motivated by applications in quantum chemistry and solid state physics, we apply general results from approximation theory and matrix analysis to the study of the decay properties of spectral projectors associated with large and sparse Hermitian matrices. Our theory leads to a rigorous proof of the exponential off-diagonal decay ("nearsightedness") for the density matrix of gapped systems at zero electronic temperature in both orthogonal and nonorthogonal representations, thus providing a firm theoretical basis for the possibility of linear scaling methods in electronic structure calculations for nonmetallic systems. We further discuss the case of density matrices for metallic systems at positive electronic temperature. A few other possible applications are also discussed. © 2013 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
2013
Density functional theory; Density matrix; Electronic structure; Localization; Matrix function; Orthogonal projector; Spectral gap; Theoretical Computer Science; Computational Mathematics; Applied Mathematics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/75258
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