The recent discovery of dusty galaxies well into the Epoch of Reionization (redshift z > 6) poses challenging questions about the properties of the interstellar medium in these pristine systems. By combining state-of-the-art hydrodynamic and dust radiative transfer simulations, we address these questions focusing on the recently discovered dusty galaxy A2744_YD4 (z = 8.38, Laporte et al.). We show that we can reproduce the observed spectral energy distribution (SED) only using different physical values with respect to the inferred ones by Laporte et al., i.e. a star formation rate of SFR = 78M ⊙ yr -1 , a factor ≈4 higher than deduced from simple SED fitting. In this case, we find: (i) dust attenuation (corresponding to τ V = 1.4) is consistent with a Milky Way (MW) extinction curve; (ii) the dust-to-metal ratio is low, f d ~ 0.08, implying that early dust formation is rather inefficient; (iii) the luminosity-weighted dust temperature is high, T d = 91 ± 23 K, as a result of the intense (≈100 × MW) interstellar radiation field; and (iv) due to the high T d , the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array Band 7 detection can be explained by a limited dust mass, M d = 1.6 × 10 6 M ⊙ . Finally, the high dust temperatures might solve the puzzling low infrared excess (IRX) recently deduced for high-z galaxies from the IRX-β relation.

Dusty galaxies in the Epoch of Reionization: Simulations

Behrens, C.;Pallottini, A.;Ferrara, A.;Gallerani, S.;Vallini, L.
2018

Abstract

The recent discovery of dusty galaxies well into the Epoch of Reionization (redshift z > 6) poses challenging questions about the properties of the interstellar medium in these pristine systems. By combining state-of-the-art hydrodynamic and dust radiative transfer simulations, we address these questions focusing on the recently discovered dusty galaxy A2744_YD4 (z = 8.38, Laporte et al.). We show that we can reproduce the observed spectral energy distribution (SED) only using different physical values with respect to the inferred ones by Laporte et al., i.e. a star formation rate of SFR = 78M ⊙ yr -1 , a factor ≈4 higher than deduced from simple SED fitting. In this case, we find: (i) dust attenuation (corresponding to τ V = 1.4) is consistent with a Milky Way (MW) extinction curve; (ii) the dust-to-metal ratio is low, f d ~ 0.08, implying that early dust formation is rather inefficient; (iii) the luminosity-weighted dust temperature is high, T d = 91 ± 23 K, as a result of the intense (≈100 × MW) interstellar radiation field; and (iv) due to the high T d , the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array Band 7 detection can be explained by a limited dust mass, M d = 1.6 × 10 6 M ⊙ . Finally, the high dust temperatures might solve the puzzling low infrared excess (IRX) recently deduced for high-z galaxies from the IRX-β relation.
2018
Dust; Extinction; Galaxies: Evolution; Galaxies: Highredshift; Galaxies: ISM; Infrared: General; Methods: Numerical; astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.GA; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Space and Planetary Science
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/76411
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 93
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 87
social impact