We study cross-correlations of the kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (kSZ) and 21 cm signals during the epoch of reionization (EoR) to measure the effects of patchy reionisation. Since the kSZ effect is proportional to the line-of-sight velocity, the kSZ-21 cm cross correlation suffers from cancellation at small angular scales. We thus focus on the correlation between the kSZsquared field (kSZ2) and 21 cm signals. When the global ionization fraction is low (xe ≳ 0.7), the kSZ2s fluctuation is dominated by rare ionized bubbles, which leads to an anticorrelation with the 21 cm signal. When 0.8 ≳ xe < 1, the correlation is dominated by small pockets of neutral regions, leading to a positive correlation. However, at very high redshifts when xe < 0.15, the spin temperature fluctuations change the sign of the correlation from negative to positive, as weakly ionized regions can have strong 21 cm signals in this case. To extract this correlation, we find thatWiener filtering is effective in removing large signals from the primary cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy. The expected signal-to-noise ratios for a ~10-h integration of upcoming Square Kilometre Array data cross-correlated with maps from the current generation of CMB observatories with 3.4μK arcmin noise and 1.7 arcmin beam over 100 deg2 are 51, 60, and 37 for xe = 0.2, 0.5, and 0.9, respectively.

Measuring patchy reionization with kSZ2-21 cm correlations

Ciardi, B.;Ferrara, A.
2018

Abstract

We study cross-correlations of the kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (kSZ) and 21 cm signals during the epoch of reionization (EoR) to measure the effects of patchy reionisation. Since the kSZ effect is proportional to the line-of-sight velocity, the kSZ-21 cm cross correlation suffers from cancellation at small angular scales. We thus focus on the correlation between the kSZsquared field (kSZ2) and 21 cm signals. When the global ionization fraction is low (xe ≳ 0.7), the kSZ2s fluctuation is dominated by rare ionized bubbles, which leads to an anticorrelation with the 21 cm signal. When 0.8 ≳ xe < 1, the correlation is dominated by small pockets of neutral regions, leading to a positive correlation. However, at very high redshifts when xe < 0.15, the spin temperature fluctuations change the sign of the correlation from negative to positive, as weakly ionized regions can have strong 21 cm signals in this case. To extract this correlation, we find thatWiener filtering is effective in removing large signals from the primary cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy. The expected signal-to-noise ratios for a ~10-h integration of upcoming Square Kilometre Array data cross-correlated with maps from the current generation of CMB observatories with 3.4μK arcmin noise and 1.7 arcmin beam over 100 deg2 are 51, 60, and 37 for xe = 0.2, 0.5, and 0.9, respectively.
Cosmic background radiation; Dark ages; Early Universe; First stars; Reionization; Astronomy and Astrophysics; Space and Planetary Science
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/76452
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