Lysosomes are not merely degradative organelles but play a central role in nutrient sensing, metabolism and cell-growth regulation. Our ability to study their function in living cells strictly relies on the use of lysosome-specific fluorescent probes tailored to optical microscopy applications. Still, no report thus far quantitatively analyzed the effect of labeling strategies/procedures on lysosome properties in live cells. We tackle this issue by a recently developed spatiotemporal fluctuation spectroscopy strategy that extracts structural (size) and dynamic (diffusion) properties directly from imaging, with no a-priori knowledge of the system. We highlight hitherto neglected alterations of lysosome properties upon labeling. In particular, we demonstrate that Lipofectamine reagents, used to transiently express lysosome markers fused to fluorescent proteins (FPs) (e.g. LAMP1-FP or CD63-FP), irreversibly alter the organelle structural identity, inducing a ∼2-fold increase of lysosome average size. The organelle structural identity is preserved, instead, if electroporation or Effectene are used as transfection strategies, provided that the expression levels of the recombinant protein marker are kept low. This latter condition can be achieved also by generating cell lines stably expressing the desired FP-tagged marker. Reported results call into question the interpretation of a massive amount of data collected so far using fluorescent protein markers and suggest useful guidelines for future studies.

Probing labeling-induced lysosome alterations in living cells by imaging-derived mean squared displacement analysis

Durso William;Amodeo, Rosy;Marchetti Laura;Cardarelli Francesco
2018

Abstract

Lysosomes are not merely degradative organelles but play a central role in nutrient sensing, metabolism and cell-growth regulation. Our ability to study their function in living cells strictly relies on the use of lysosome-specific fluorescent probes tailored to optical microscopy applications. Still, no report thus far quantitatively analyzed the effect of labeling strategies/procedures on lysosome properties in live cells. We tackle this issue by a recently developed spatiotemporal fluctuation spectroscopy strategy that extracts structural (size) and dynamic (diffusion) properties directly from imaging, with no a-priori knowledge of the system. We highlight hitherto neglected alterations of lysosome properties upon labeling. In particular, we demonstrate that Lipofectamine reagents, used to transiently express lysosome markers fused to fluorescent proteins (FPs) (e.g. LAMP1-FP or CD63-FP), irreversibly alter the organelle structural identity, inducing a ∼2-fold increase of lysosome average size. The organelle structural identity is preserved, instead, if electroporation or Effectene are used as transfection strategies, provided that the expression levels of the recombinant protein marker are kept low. This latter condition can be achieved also by generating cell lines stably expressing the desired FP-tagged marker. Reported results call into question the interpretation of a massive amount of data collected so far using fluorescent protein markers and suggest useful guidelines for future studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/76513
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