This introduction presents the conceptual and analytical framework which constitutes the background for the special issue entitled ‘Varieties of Populism in Europe in Times of Crises’. More specifically, this contribution investigates how different populist parties in the European Union have been affected by the recent economic crisis and the more long-lasting political and cultural crises. Analytically, the article disentangles the role of the Great Recession vis-à-vis other factors (such as political and party system factors, but also structural social changes or cultural opportunities) in the growing strength of populist parties in various European countries. It argues that although the economic crisis has without any doubt provided a specific ‘window of opportunity’ for the emergence of new political actors, which have capitalised on citizens’ discontent, long-lasting political factors–such as the increasing distrust toward political institutions and parties–and the more recent cultural crisis connected with migration issues have offered further fertile ground for the consolidation of populist parties in several European countries. Furthermore, as confirmed by the articles presented in the special issue, the various crises have offered differential opportunities for different types of populism–both inclusionary and exclusionary.

Understanding varieties of populism in times of crises

Caiani M.
;
2019

Abstract

This introduction presents the conceptual and analytical framework which constitutes the background for the special issue entitled ‘Varieties of Populism in Europe in Times of Crises’. More specifically, this contribution investigates how different populist parties in the European Union have been affected by the recent economic crisis and the more long-lasting political and cultural crises. Analytically, the article disentangles the role of the Great Recession vis-à-vis other factors (such as political and party system factors, but also structural social changes or cultural opportunities) in the growing strength of populist parties in various European countries. It argues that although the economic crisis has without any doubt provided a specific ‘window of opportunity’ for the emergence of new political actors, which have capitalised on citizens’ discontent, long-lasting political factors–such as the increasing distrust toward political institutions and parties–and the more recent cultural crisis connected with migration issues have offered further fertile ground for the consolidation of populist parties in several European countries. Furthermore, as confirmed by the articles presented in the special issue, the various crises have offered differential opportunities for different types of populism–both inclusionary and exclusionary.
2019
Settore SPS/04 - Scienza Politica
cultural crisis; economic crisis; Europe; political crisis; Populism
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Caiani&Graziano_WEP_2019.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Published version
Licenza: Non pubblico
Dimensione 1.47 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.47 MB Adobe PDF   Richiedi una copia
Varieties of populism.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Accepted version (post-print)
Licenza: Solo Lettura
Dimensione 210.93 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
210.93 kB Adobe PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/80025
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 92
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 84
social impact