Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) have the ability to inhibit ice growth by binding to ice nuclei. Their ice-binding mechanism is still unclear, yet the hydration layer is thought to play a fundamental role. Here, we use molecular dynamics simulations to characterize the hydration shell of two AFPs and two non-AFPs. The calculated shell thickness and density of the AFPs do not feature any relevant difference with respect to the non-AFPs. Moreover, the hydration shell density is always higher than the bulk density and, thus, no low-density, ice-like layer is detected at the ice-binding surface (IBS) of AFPs. Instead, we observe local water-density differences in AFPs between the IBS (lower density) and the non-IBS (higher density). The lower solvent density at the ice-binding site can pave the way to the protein binding to ice nuclei, while the higher solvent density at the non-ice-binding surfaces might provide protection against ice growth.
|Titolo:||Hydration Shell of Antifreeze Proteins: Unveiling the Role of Non-Ice-Binding Surfaces|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.9b06375|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|