We present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of eight highly excited CO (Jup > 8) lines and continuum emission in two z ∼ 6 quasars: SDSS J231038.88+185519.7 (hereafter J2310), for which CO(8-7), CO(9-8), and CO(17-16) lines have been observed, and ULAS J131911.29+095951.4 (J1319), observed in the CO(14- 13), CO(17-16), and CO(19-18) lines. The continuum emission of both quasars arises from a compact region (<0.9 kpc). By assuming a modified blackbody law, we estimate dust masses of log(Mdust/M) = 8.75 ± 0.07 and log(Mdust/M) = 8.8 ± 0.2 and dust temperatures of Tdust = 76 ± 3 K and Tdust = 66-10+15 K, respectively, for J2310 and J1319. Only CO(8-7) and CO(9-8) in J2310 are detected, while 3σ upper limits on luminosities are reported for the other lines of both quasars. The CO line luminosities and upper limits measured in J2310 and J1319 are consistent with those observed in local active galactic nuclei and starburst galaxies, and other z ∼6 quasars, except for SDSS J1148+5251 (J1148), the only quasar at z =6.4 with a previous CO(17-16) line detection. By computing the CO spectral line energy distributions normalized to the CO(6-5) line and far-infrared luminosities for J2310, J1319, and J1148, we conclude that different gas heating mechanisms (X-ray radiation and/or shocks) may explain the different CO luminosities observed in these z ∼ 6 quasar. Future Jup > 8 CO observations will be crucial to understand the processes responsible formolecular gas excitation in luminous high-z quasars.

Constraints on high-J CO emission lines in z ∼ 6 quasars

Carniani S.;Gallerani S.;Vallini L.;Pallottini A.;Ferrara A.;Maiolino R.;Cicone C.;D'Odorico V.;Wang R.;
2019

Abstract

We present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of eight highly excited CO (Jup > 8) lines and continuum emission in two z ∼ 6 quasars: SDSS J231038.88+185519.7 (hereafter J2310), for which CO(8-7), CO(9-8), and CO(17-16) lines have been observed, and ULAS J131911.29+095951.4 (J1319), observed in the CO(14- 13), CO(17-16), and CO(19-18) lines. The continuum emission of both quasars arises from a compact region (<0.9 kpc). By assuming a modified blackbody law, we estimate dust masses of log(Mdust/M) = 8.75 ± 0.07 and log(Mdust/M) = 8.8 ± 0.2 and dust temperatures of Tdust = 76 ± 3 K and Tdust = 66-10+15 K, respectively, for J2310 and J1319. Only CO(8-7) and CO(9-8) in J2310 are detected, while 3σ upper limits on luminosities are reported for the other lines of both quasars. The CO line luminosities and upper limits measured in J2310 and J1319 are consistent with those observed in local active galactic nuclei and starburst galaxies, and other z ∼6 quasars, except for SDSS J1148+5251 (J1148), the only quasar at z =6.4 with a previous CO(17-16) line detection. By computing the CO spectral line energy distributions normalized to the CO(6-5) line and far-infrared luminosities for J2310, J1319, and J1148, we conclude that different gas heating mechanisms (X-ray radiation and/or shocks) may explain the different CO luminosities observed in these z ∼ 6 quasar. Future Jup > 8 CO observations will be crucial to understand the processes responsible formolecular gas excitation in luminous high-z quasars.
Galaxies: Active; Galaxies: High-redshift; Galaxies: ISM; Quasars: Individual: SDSS J231038.88+185519.7; Quasars: Individual: ULAS J131911.29+095951.4
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/82725
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