The subtle interplay of several different effects means that the interpretation and analysis of experimental spectra in terms of structural and dynamic characteristics is a challenging task. In this context, theoretical studies can be helpful, and as such, computational spectroscopy is rapidly evolving from a highly specialized research field toward a versatile and widespread tool. However, in the case of electronic spectra (e.g. UV/Vis, circular dichroism, photoelectron, and X-ray spectra), the most commonly used methods still rely on the computation of vertical excitation energies, which are further convoluted to simulate line shapes. Such treatment completely neglects the influence of nuclear motions, despite the well-recognized notion that a proper account of vibronic effects is often mandatory to correctly interpret experimental findings. Development and validation of improved models rooted into density functional theory (DFT) and its time-dependent extension (TD-DFT) is of course instrumental for the optimal balance between reliability and favorable scaling with the number of electrons. However, the implementation of easy-to-use and effective procedures to simulate vibrationally resolved electronic spectra, and their availability to a wide community of users, is at least equally important for reliable simulations of spectral line shapes for compounds of biological and technological interest. Here, such an approach has been applied to the study of the UV/Vis spectra of chlorophyll a. The results show that properly tailored approaches are feasible for state-of-the-art computational spectroscopy studies, and allow, with affordable computational resources, vibrational and environmental effects on the spectral line shapes to be taken into account for large systems.

A Multifrequency Virtual Spectrometer for Complex Bio-Organic Systems: Vibronic and Environmental Effects on the UV/Vis Spectrum of Chlorophyll a

Barone V.;Biczysko M.;Bloino J.
2014-01-01

Abstract

The subtle interplay of several different effects means that the interpretation and analysis of experimental spectra in terms of structural and dynamic characteristics is a challenging task. In this context, theoretical studies can be helpful, and as such, computational spectroscopy is rapidly evolving from a highly specialized research field toward a versatile and widespread tool. However, in the case of electronic spectra (e.g. UV/Vis, circular dichroism, photoelectron, and X-ray spectra), the most commonly used methods still rely on the computation of vertical excitation energies, which are further convoluted to simulate line shapes. Such treatment completely neglects the influence of nuclear motions, despite the well-recognized notion that a proper account of vibronic effects is often mandatory to correctly interpret experimental findings. Development and validation of improved models rooted into density functional theory (DFT) and its time-dependent extension (TD-DFT) is of course instrumental for the optimal balance between reliability and favorable scaling with the number of electrons. However, the implementation of easy-to-use and effective procedures to simulate vibrationally resolved electronic spectra, and their availability to a wide community of users, is at least equally important for reliable simulations of spectral line shapes for compounds of biological and technological interest. Here, such an approach has been applied to the study of the UV/Vis spectra of chlorophyll a. The results show that properly tailored approaches are feasible for state-of-the-art computational spectroscopy studies, and allow, with affordable computational resources, vibrational and environmental effects on the spectral line shapes to be taken into account for large systems.
2014
chlorophyll; environmental effects; line shapes; UV/Vis spectra; vibronic effects
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/83469
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