Pre-incubation of J774 murine macrophages with 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA), a diffusible intermediate in the biosynthesis of eumelanins, leads to a marked increase in the levels of nitric oxide (NO) produced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO-synthase (iNOS). The effect varies with DHICA concn., being max. at a concn. of 1 × 10-6M, and is suppressed by the NOS inhibitor NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA). No stimulation is obsd. when macrophages are exposed to DHICA after activation with LPS, indicating that the indole does not affect the catalytic activity of iNOS. These results point to a hitherto unrecognized role of DHICA as a chem. messenger mediating interaction between active melanocytes and macrophages in epidermal inflammatory and immune responses.

5,6-Dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid, a diffusible melanin precursor, is a potent stimulator of lipopolysaccharide-induced production of nitric oxide by J774 macrophages

D'ISCHIA, MARCO;
1995

Abstract

Pre-incubation of J774 murine macrophages with 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA), a diffusible intermediate in the biosynthesis of eumelanins, leads to a marked increase in the levels of nitric oxide (NO) produced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO-synthase (iNOS). The effect varies with DHICA concn., being max. at a concn. of 1 × 10-6M, and is suppressed by the NOS inhibitor NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA). No stimulation is obsd. when macrophages are exposed to DHICA after activation with LPS, indicating that the indole does not affect the catalytic activity of iNOS. These results point to a hitherto unrecognized role of DHICA as a chem. messenger mediating interaction between active melanocytes and macrophages in epidermal inflammatory and immune responses.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/83925
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