Accumulation of misfolded proteins is a central paradigm in neurodegeneration. Because of the key role of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in regulating protein homeostasis, in the last decade multiple reports implicated this organelle in the progression of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative illnesses. In PD, dopaminergic neuron loss or more broadly neurodegeneration has been improved by overexpression of genes involved in the ER stress response. In addition, toxic alpha-synuclein (αS), the main constituent of proteinaceous aggregates found in tissue samples of PD patients, has been shown to cause ER stress by altering intracellular protein traffic, synaptic vesicles transport, and Ca2+ homeostasis. In this review, we will be summarizing evidence correlating impaired ER functionality to PD pathogenesis, focusing our attention on how toxic, aggregated αS can promote ER stress and cell death.
|Titolo:||Linking the endoplasmic reticulum to Parkinson’s disease and alpha-synucleinopathy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Parole Chiave:||Alpha-synuclein; Alpha-synuclein aggregates; Alpha-synucleinopathy; ER stress; Misfolded proteins; Parkinson’s disease; UPR|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00560|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|