We present an ALMA high-resolution (0.18″ × 0.21″) observation of the 840 μm continuum and [CII] λ157.74 μm line emission in the WISE-SDSS selected hyper-luminous (WISSH) quasi-stellar object (QSO) J1015+0020, at z ∼ 4.4. Our analysis reveals an exceptional overdensity of [CII]-emitting companions with a very small (<150 km s-1) velocity shift with respect to the QSO redshift. We report the discovery of the closest companion observed so far in submillimetre observations of high-z QSOs. It is only 2.2 kpc distant and merging with J1015+0020, while two other [CII] emitters are found at 8 and 17 kpc. Two strong continuum emitters are also detected at <3.5 arcsec from the QSO. They are likely associated with the same overdense structure of J1015+0020, as they exceed by a factor of 100 the number of expected sources, considering the log(N)-log(S) at 850 μm. The host galaxy of J1015+0020 shows a star formation rate (SFR) of about 100 M· yr-1, while the total SFR of the QSO and its companion galaxies is a factor of ∼10 higher, indicating that substantial stellar mass assembly at early epochs may have taken place in the QSO satellites. For J1015+0020 we computed a black hole mass MBH ∼ 6 × 109 M·. As we resolve the [CII] emission of the QSO, we can compute a dynamical mass of Mdyn ∼ 4 × 1010 M·. This translates into an extreme ratio Mdyn/MBH ∼ 7, i.e. two orders of magnitude smaller than what is typically observed in local galaxies. The total stellar mass of the QSO host galaxy plus the [CII] emitters in the ALMA field of view already exceeds 1011 M· at z ∼ 4.4. These sources will likely merge and develop into a giant galaxy of ∼1.3 × 1012 M·. Under the assumption of constant acc or λEdd equal to the observed values, we find that the growth timescale of the host galaxy of J1015+0020 is comparable or even shorter than that inferred for the SMBH.
|Titolo:||The WISSH quasars project: V. ALMA reveals the assembly of a giant galaxy around a z = 4.4 hyper-luminous QSO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica|
|Parole Chiave:||Galaxies: high-redshift; Galaxies: star formation; Quasars: emission lines; Quasars: individual: SDSSJ101549.00+002020.03; Quasars: supermassive black holes|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201833249|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|