Following recent developments in multilevel embedding methods, we introduce a novel density matrix-based multilevel approach within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). In this multilevel DFT, the system is partitioned in an active and an inactive fragment, and all interactions are retained between the two parts. The decomposition of the total system is performed upon the density matrix. The orthogonality between the two parts is maintained by solving the Kohn-Sham equations in the MO basis for the active part only, while keeping the inactive density matrix frozen. This results in the reduction of computational cost. We outline the theory and implementation and discuss the differences and similarities with state-of-the-art DFT embedding methods. We present applications to aqueous solutions of methyloxirane and glycidol.

Multilevel Density Functional Theory

Marrazzini, Gioia;Giovannini, Tommaso;Scavino, Marco;Egidi, Franco;Cappelli, Chiara;Koch, Henrik
2021

Abstract

Following recent developments in multilevel embedding methods, we introduce a novel density matrix-based multilevel approach within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). In this multilevel DFT, the system is partitioned in an active and an inactive fragment, and all interactions are retained between the two parts. The decomposition of the total system is performed upon the density matrix. The orthogonality between the two parts is maintained by solving the Kohn-Sham equations in the MO basis for the active part only, while keeping the inactive density matrix frozen. This results in the reduction of computational cost. We outline the theory and implementation and discuss the differences and similarities with state-of-the-art DFT embedding methods. We present applications to aqueous solutions of methyloxirane and glycidol.
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11384/97110
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