Recent work has shown that UV-luminous reionization-era galaxies often exhibit strong Lyman-alpha emission despite being situated at redshifts where the IGM is thought to be substantially neutral. It has been argued that this enhanced Ly α transmission reflects the presence of massive galaxies in overdense regions which power large ionized bubbles. An alternative explanation is that massive galaxies shift more of their Ly α profile to large velocities (relative to the systemic redshift) where the IGM damping wing absorption is reduced. Such a mass-dependent trend is seen at lower redshifts, but whether one exists at z ∼ 7 remains unclear owing to the small number of existing systemic redshift measurements in the reionization era. This is now changing with the emergence of [C II]-based redshifts from ALMA. Here, we report MMT/Binospec Ly α spectroscopy of eight UV-bright (MUV ∼ −22) galaxies at z -7 selected from the ALMA REBELS survey. We detect Ly α in four of eight galaxies and use the [C II] systemic redshifts to investigate the Ly α velocity profiles. The Ly α lines are significantly redshifted from systemic (average velocity offset = 223 km s–1 ) and broad (FWHM ≈ 300–650 km s−1 ), with two sources showing emission extending to ≈750 km s−1 . We find that the broadest Ly α profiles are associated with the largest [C II] line widths, suggesting a potential link between the Ly α FWHM and the dynamical mass. Since Ly α photons at high velocities transmit efficiently through the z = 7 IGM, our data suggest that velocity profiles play a significant role in boosting the Ly α visibility of the most UV-luminous reionization-era galaxies.

The REBELS ALMA survey : efficient Ly α transmission of UV-bright z≃7 galaxies from large velocity offsets and broad line widths

Andrea Ferrara;Andrea Pallottini;Laura Sommovigo;
2022

Abstract

Recent work has shown that UV-luminous reionization-era galaxies often exhibit strong Lyman-alpha emission despite being situated at redshifts where the IGM is thought to be substantially neutral. It has been argued that this enhanced Ly α transmission reflects the presence of massive galaxies in overdense regions which power large ionized bubbles. An alternative explanation is that massive galaxies shift more of their Ly α profile to large velocities (relative to the systemic redshift) where the IGM damping wing absorption is reduced. Such a mass-dependent trend is seen at lower redshifts, but whether one exists at z ∼ 7 remains unclear owing to the small number of existing systemic redshift measurements in the reionization era. This is now changing with the emergence of [C II]-based redshifts from ALMA. Here, we report MMT/Binospec Ly α spectroscopy of eight UV-bright (MUV ∼ −22) galaxies at z -7 selected from the ALMA REBELS survey. We detect Ly α in four of eight galaxies and use the [C II] systemic redshifts to investigate the Ly α velocity profiles. The Ly α lines are significantly redshifted from systemic (average velocity offset = 223 km s–1 ) and broad (FWHM ≈ 300–650 km s−1 ), with two sources showing emission extending to ≈750 km s−1 . We find that the broadest Ly α profiles are associated with the largest [C II] line widths, suggesting a potential link between the Ly α FWHM and the dynamical mass. Since Ly α photons at high velocities transmit efficiently through the z = 7 IGM, our data suggest that velocity profiles play a significant role in boosting the Ly α visibility of the most UV-luminous reionization-era galaxies.
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
Galaxies evolution; galaxies high-redshift; dark ages; reionization; first stars
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11384/125022
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